Early Christians were Jews so they were very familliar with Jewish Scriptures. A lot of the same scriptures are used in the Christian bible.
Christians refer to this part of the bible as the Old Testament. Jews find this title offensive. This is because Jews see this as the New Testament suspending the Old Teastment.
Christianity is the only religion that uses sriptures from another religion in it's Holey Book.
The Old Testament is dived into three groups:
1 The books of the Law (The Torah)
2 The Prophets 3 The Writtings
Groups in The Old Testament
Group 1 The Books of the Law (the Torah) - the first five Jewish Scriptuers: Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy and Numbers - these contain the most important elements of the Jewish faith.
Group 2 The Prophets - Stories from men and woman who declared the word and message of God to the people. There are many books about lives of Phropets. The books inside of the of this group are called:
The major Prophets - three prophets Isiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel who have books named after them.
The minor Prophets - there are 12 books at the end of the Old Testament that show the predictions of Amos, Joel and Habakkuk.
Group 3 The writtings - Include Psalmas, Proverbs and wise saying such as the Book of Ecclesiastes.
Contains 27 documents in all
- Four Gospels
- The Acts of the Apostles
- The book of Revelation
- 21 letters
Most of the New Testament was written one or two generations after Jesus's death.