Making Moral Decisions
Where do we get our morals from?
- family and friends
- personal experience
- other experiences
Conscience, freedom and Sin
- conscience is you're minds awearness of right or wrong.
- Roman catholics believe that it's God's voice. it needs to be educated in order to make the right decisions.
- sin is the wrong doing against will of God e.g. breaking the 10 commandments or not living out the Beatitudes
- free will is having the ability to make choices
- dignity is to have a value. all lives are sacre dand should be treated with respect
- in Genesis 1:26 says we have God like qualitys. our lives are sacred and should be respected. when you disrecpect or take away you do that to God.
- Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
- Blessed are the meek: for they shall possess the land.
- Blessed are they who mourn: for they shall be comforted.
- Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill.
- Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
- Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God.
- Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.
- Blessed are they that suffer persicution for justice' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
The Beatitudes Part 2
- beatitude- to be blessed or happy
- total of 8 beatitudes
- divded into two parts: 1. values/ characterstic that they need. 2. reward for living it out.
- beatitude form part of the sermon on the mount
- sermion on the mount is a form of commentry on 10 commandments. portrays Christ as a law.
- christians to fulfill the greatest commandment in order to go to KOG. it's love
- sermon on the mount is jesus' moral teaching
importance of beatitudes
- gives christains hope through faith
- jesus' words are always important
- contains many improtant lessons for christians
- they are timeless and can be applyed anytime
- called to live as jesus said
- beatitudes are the way jesus wants us to live.
Sermon On The Mount
Matt 5:21-26 - teaching about anger
- do not kill
- should not get angrey as emotion leads to action
Matt 5:27-32 - teaching about adultery and divorce
- shouldn't look at another lustfully
- already committed adultery in the heart
- if you think that way, it's most likely you'll do it
Matt 5:38-42 - teaching about revenge
- Said in OT 'an eye for an eye'
- jesus changes it 'turn the other cheek'
- revenge is wrong
- different to justice
- moral issues- death penelty, war, marriage.
Sermon On The Mount Part 2
Matt 4:43-48 - love for enemies
- jesus said to 'pray for those who persicute you'
- be God-like
- moral issues- war, prejudice and discrimination
Matt 6:1-4 - teaching about Charity
- to be geniune
- not to get praised
- moral issues- Global issues
Matt 6:24-34 - God and Possessions
- not to be materialistic
- reley on God
- moral issues- Global issues
Matt 7:1-6 - juging others
- not to be judgemental
- the commandments are a rule for living, given by God.
- the church teaches that the ten commandements show the duties that christians have, both to God and to neighbour
- the greatest commandment is to 'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind' and 'Love your neighbour as yourself' (Luke 10:27)
The 10 Commandments
1. I am the Lord your God, You shall have no other gods before Me.
2. You shall not take the name of the lord your God in vain
3. Remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy.
4. Honour your father and mother
5. You shall not kill
6. You shall not commit adultery
7. You shall not steal
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour
9. You shall not covet your neighbours wife
10. You shall not covet your neighbours possessions
The 10 Commandments - Loving God
Commandment 1 to 3:
- commandment 1. not to worship any other idles. God is your priority. saved people from Egypt. give him respect and obedience. not to be linked to marterialstic items. go to church. prayer and the Bible. issues could be power and sex, superstion, terrorism.
- commadment 2. don't use God's name when not needed. negatively. don't lie using God's name (swear to God). be honest. issues could be adultary, marriage, blshphemy, reconsilliation.
- commandment 3. day to worship God. day that remembers Jesus' ressurection. day for family and rest. got to church on sunday. pray. spend time with your family. take care of the sick and eldely.
The 10 Commandments - Loving Your Neighbour
commandment 4 -10
- commandment 4: listen and obey your parents. respect them. gratitude. follow in the footsteps of Jesus when he was young.take care of them and listen to them. issues could be parenthood, family life, adopting and fostering
- commandment 5: do not kill. no-one has a right to take life. goes against beatitude 'to be peacemakers'. be a peacemaker, not coming into conflict. get rid of bad emotions, 'love your enemies and pray for those who persicute you'. respecting life in all forms, everything has dignity. issues could be abortion, death penelty, war, euthanaisa, suicide and murder.
- commandment 6: to only have one relationship. wrong to cheat and break vows. undermine diginty of a person. took a promise towards God not commit adultery. not to cheat. don't have sex outside marriage. issues could be adultery, abusive relationship, sex outside marriage.
- commandment 7: dont take what is not yours. being fair with wealth. don't steal. follow commandment. fair e.g wages. issues could be poverty.
- commandment 8: not to lie. livving truthfuly. false accusations. not to gossip. issues could be C+P
- commandment 9: not to think sexual thoughts about anyones partner. no to think lustlly. issues coulld be marriage
- commandment 10: respect others properties. not to be jealous or greedy. issues could be war and C+P.
Christian Values Key Words
- beatitude: blessed or happry
- Sermon on the mount: a collection of Christ's religous and moral teachings recorded in Matthew's gospel
- KOG (Kingdom Of God): wherever God is hounoured as king and his authority accepted.
- righteousness: following moral principles
- mercy: to be kind and forgiving
- chasity: making a vow to take a wife, husband or partner and not to have sexual relationship
- covet: not to desire or wnat anything e.g. sexual thoughts
Information On Marriage
marriage is a gift from God
- idea comes from Genisis
- it's a vocation, a calling
- it is a part of God's plan for mankind
- its a reflection of God's love for the human race. selfless love, sacrifce, unconditional, compromise.
God's love is everlasting, eternal, reflect og God's love so marriage is everlasting, marriage shouldn't end.
important ideas abou marriage from Genisis
- sexual union is basic to marriage- children
- through marriage two peole become a single, thinking, living and feeling unit.
- this single unit is given the task to "be fruitful and increase in number"
- "so God created man and women for each other". this is the basis of the catholic teaching on marriage
Key Teachings Of Marriage
life long permanemt love
- lasts forever
- only end is death
- reflects God's love is eternal
- outward sign of inward grace.
- couple recieve God's grace
- human love made holy
- sacremential bond is created when married
- god is present
- both people must be faithful
- sign of god's faithfulness
- exclusive to people who made the vows.
life giving - marriage must be open to having children
The Garden Of Eden (Genesis 2:18-34)
- god said "it is not good for the man to live alone"
- god made animals and birds from soil
- god brought them to the man. he named them but 'not one of them was a suitable companion' for him.
- god put him in a deep sleep took out his rib and made a woman
- man said "at last, here is one of my own kind - bone taken from my bone and flesh taken from my flesh. 'woman' is her name becasue she was taken out of man"
- this is why man leaves his father and mother and is united with wife.
- key teachings: exclusive and sacrament
- teaches no one should be alone.
- they are united and shouldn't divorce.
- god joined couple and made love holy.
- shows god's love for humans.
- marriage is part of God's plan and is man and woman.
The Wedding At Cana (John 2:1-11)
- jesus, his mother and his disciples went to a wedding
- wine ran out
- mary asked jesus to help them out. jesus said"you must not tell me what to do. my time has not come yet"
- mary told servents to do what jesus says
- they filled 6 large jars to the brim with water. took some out and gave to guest. it was the best wine
- jesus' first miracle
- key teaching: sacrament
- teaches: because it's jesus; first miracle it's shown as a sacrament
- sacramential bond is created when married
- jesus chooses a wedding to perform miracle. shows importance of marriage
- marriage celebration of love
Love is... (Corinthians 13:4-12)
- love is patient, kind, not jealous or conceited, not pround
- love is not illmannered or selfish, irritable
- love does not keep a record of worngs
- love is not happy with evil but happy with truth. never gives up, faith, hope and patience never fail
- love is eternal, inspired messages but tempory, speaks in strnage tonges. there is knowledge.
- childish ways was there but no longer there.
- was partial but now complete 'as God's knowledge of me'
- key teachings: exclusive, life long love, sacrament
- teaches: reflection of god's love
- special type of love
- teaches qualites needed in marriage
Jesus Teaches About Divorce (Mark 10:6-9)
- "in the beginning, at the time of creation, ‘God made them male and female,’ as the scripture says. ‘And for this reason a man will leave his father and mother and unite with his wife,and the two will become one.’ So they are no longer two, but one. No human being must separate, then, what God has joined together.”
- key teachings: life long and exclusive
- teaches: marriage is permenant
- no one can break what god has joined together
The Story Of Creation (Genesis 1:27-28)
- "So God created human beings, making them to be like himself. He created them male and female, blessed them, and said, “Have many children, so that your descendants will live all over the earth and bring it under their control. I am putting you in charge of the fish, the birds, and all the wild animals."
- key teaching: life giving
- teaches: part of marriage is having children
- God command them to have children
Wives And Husbands (Ephesians 5:21-25)
- 'submit yourselves to one another becasue of your reverence for Christ'
- wives sumbit to husbands as to the lord
- husband have authority over wives like christ has authority over church.
- wives be completly submitive to husband just as church is to christ
- key teachings: life giving, exclusive, sacrement.
- teaches: marriage is about service and selfless love.
- husbands love has to be like christ's love. that love is scarafical and selfless
- society was sexist.
- husband has authority over wife but don't take advantage of her.
Questions About Marriage (Corinthians 7:2-4)
- 'every man should have his own wife and every woman should have her own husband'
- man should fulfill his duty and woman should fulfill hers. satisfy others needs
- wife not master of her own body but her husband is. husband not master of his own body but his wife.
- key teachings life giving, exclusive, sacrament
- teaches: if they don't fulfill duty, more likely to commit adultery
- shows two become one.
The Rite Of Marriage
all roman catholic couples should get married in a church?
- God is present there and is a witness
- makes it offical in God's eyes and church
- shows commitment and reflection of god's love
- shows faith and how sacred marriage is - wedding at cana
- might be a mixed marriage
- it shouldn't matter where, marriage shows love
- tradition to marry in a church.
- it should take place in church
- celebrates the love of god
- couple gain strength and support from god for their lives together.
- way of confirming the couples love for god
- prayers from the community who came together to witness marriage
- part of god's plan
The Rite Of Marriage Part 2
conditions of marriage
- marriage must be freely chosen
- the bride and groom must be free to marry
- the marriage should be open to children
- the bride and groom should have a responsible attitude to marriage and understand that it is a sacrement
- the couple attend marriage prep classes.
- gives them a chance for them to think why they want to marry and what is involved
misconception about marriage
- priest is a witness of the church and god
- he leads the celebration
- priest does NOT DO the marrying
- people who celebrate the marriage are witnessess and support the couple for the rest of their lives
The Marriage Rite
welcome and purpose of marriage
- priest wlcomes all those who have comt to the wedding and reminds them what marriage is.
- the people who have come are witnesses to the marriage, have a duty to support the couple through their life
- marrige is a sacrement so god is involved, and its lifelong
the liturgy of the word (readings)
- readings from the bible. priest speaks for short while
- reminds people about the sacreament of christian marriage, the dignity of wedded love, the grace of the sacrement, the responsiblities of married people.
- the priest ask questions of the couple before they marry
- ensure that the couple have undertaken marriage freely and without reservation, will hounour and love each other forever and will leave their marriage open to children
The Marriage Rite Part 2
consent/ exchange of vows
- see vows card
- express the chistian beliefs about marriage, that it should be loving, lifelong, supporting in all times and faithful (exclusive)
exchange of rings
- 'take this ring as a sign of my love and fidelity'
- rings symbolise the unending nature of marriage. fidelity (faithfulness) refers to marriage being exclusive
prayers and nuptial blessing
- prayers are said and a blessing is given
- to: ask god's blessing on the marriage, ask that god will unite the couple in love forever, that they may be companions to one another and that they may have children and a happy old age.
- the sacrement of the eucharist is recieved. the sacrement will strength the marriage by bringing christ into their lives. signing of register -the newlyweds and two witnesses sign the marriage registry. make the marriage recognised as a civil marriage as well as holy one.
Adopting and Fostering
- difference between fostering and adpotion is fostering is temporary while adpotion is long term.
- aims of forstering and adoption is to encourage and support children to keep in contact with members of their birth familly where appropriate.
- ways that children might have suffered in care could be emotionally, sexual harrastment
- christians think fostering and adoption are good actions because every child should have a parent and experience love and affection.
- teaching that influence a christian to foster or adopt is the commandment- love your neighbour. 'be fruitful and multiply'. parable of sheeps and goats
- qualies needed to look after a child:
- a commitment to the child
- ability to accept a child's past and to help the child to do so.
- ability to make relationships with children.
Sex Outside Marriage
- adultery- a sexual act between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner
- faithfulness- staying with your marriage partner and having sex only with them
- pre-marital sex- sex before marriage
- promiscuity- having sex with a number of partners without commitment
- fornication- sensual union between an unmarried man and woman.
- co-habitation- living together as a married couple, before marriage
Christian Teachings On Sex Outside Marriage
- genesis: so god created man in his own image, in the image of god he created him; male and female he created them. god blessed them and said to them "be fruitful and increase in number" - sex is to create
- hebrews: marriage should be honored by all, and the marriage bed kept pure, for god will judge the adulterer and all the sexually immoral - have sex inside marriage so its pure not outside. kept pure by not doing adultery
- thessalonias: it is god's will that you should be sanctified: that ou should avoid sexual immorality; that each of you should learn to control his own body in a way that is holy and honorable. - se outside is wrong. respect your body unlike prostitutes. st paul's teaching syas body is a temple so body is sacred
- catechism 2353: it is gravely against the dignity of the persons. sexuality is naturally ordered for the good of married couples and the conception and raising of children - going against gods teachings
Divorce Bible Passages
- mark 10:9- therefore what god joined together, let man not separate. teaches that divorce should not happen as it is done by man. divorce is wrong- sacramental bond is created. only god can end it.
- mark 10:11- A man who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against his wife. teaches that it's a sin to commit adultery therefore divorce is a sin.
- 1 corinthians 7:10-11- a wife must not leave her husband; but if she does, she must remain single or else be reconciled to her husband; and a husband must not divorce his wife.
- matthew 5:27-32 - Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a written notice of divorce.’ 32 But now I tell you: if a man divorces his wife for any cause other than her unfaithfulness, then he is guilty of making her commit adultery if she marries again; and the man who marries her commits adultery also.
Divorce Bible Passages Part 2
- teahers of law and pharisess brought woman who did adultery to jesus.
- they said 'in our law moses commanded that such a woamn should be stoned to death. what do you say?'
- trap so they can accuse him.
- jesus bent over and started to draw on the gound with finger.
- he asked 'which ever on of you has commited no sin may throw the first stone at her' and he continued.
- one by one they began to leave. only her and jesus.
- 'where are they? is there no one to comdem you?' 'no sir' 'well then i do not condem you either. go but do not sin again'
Causes of Divorce/ Why Marriage Breaksdown
- martial unfithfulness. that one or both of the couple are cheating and breaking the vows they promised at marriage. can be caused by lack of communictaion or marriage classes provided by the churches.
- lack of understanding of what it means to love a person for who they are as a whole; their flaws and their postive attributes. meaning that they only love them for the good things and refuse to see them as a person or their bad attributes
- may decide to have children which can alter a person because it changes the dynamics of the relationship. althought the catholic church encourages couples to have children. this may increase the percentage of divorce as some people simply cant cope with having children around