Christian beliefs

The trinity

The father the son and the holy spirit.

The nicene creed says that the father is the powerful creator of everything.

The son is Jesus christ, who came on to the earth in human form to save the world from Humanity's sins.

The holy spirit is the invisible power of god that guides and inspires people. 

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Interpretations of the Incarnation

Literalists

Literalists takes the creation story as literally true, thay the world was made in 6 days and that the scientific explanations are wrong.

Non-Literalists

Non-literalists believe that the creatyion story is a metaphor for and that a mixture of science and religion explain the creation of the world.

Word of god, 'in the beginning was the word, and the word was with god and the word was god'

Spirit of god-'in the beginning god created the heavens and the earth'

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The incarnation

The word incarnation means becoming flesh.

The birth of jesus fulfilled the prophecy of the saviour.

Jesus as divine- He is omnipotent and omniscient, He performed miracles, he was resurrected after death.

Jesus as human- He was born form a human mother, He got tired and hungry, he showed human emotions, he died. 

'the word became flesh and dwelt among us'

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The last days of jesus' life

The last supper- ' I will not eat it again and until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of god'

Betrayal and arrest- ' then jesus went with his disciples to a place called Gethsemane'

Ascension- 'after the lord had spoken to them, he was taken up in to heaven'

Resurrection- 'why do you look for the living among the dead? He is not here, he has risen!'

Crucifixion- 

The imprtance of the passion-

- demonstrated belief in life after death

-it helps christians understand the sacrafice of god

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Salvation

Salvation is the idea that christians were saved from sin through jesus.

Atonement is the idea that humans are reconciled and forgiven by god.

' for god so loved the world he gave his one and only son'

Different understandings of atonement-

jesus' death is a victory of good over evil, his death also represents the price being payed for forgiveness over humanity. 

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Life after death

Resurrection- christians beleive that death is not the end 'the one who believes in me will live, even though they die' 

The soul- Souls that have been saved after life will either go to heaven or purgatory, ( where souls are cleansed before going to heaven)

Judgement- They believe that god is Just and decided the destination of every Human's soul after death. ' for we must appear before the judgement seat of christ'

heaven- ' there will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain'

Hell- a place of everlasting suffering

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Evil and suffering

Types Moral evil (actions carried out by humans) and natural suffering (things that have nothing to do with humans)

The problem with evil and suffering-

If god is omniscient the he would know how to remove evil and suffering

if god was onipotent he would be able to remove evil and suffering.

If god was omnibenevolant he would want to remove evil and suffering. 

' the lord os compassionate and graciousm slow to anger, abounding in love' 

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Solutions to evil and suffering

- Christians say that god created a perfect world, however when Adam and Eve misused their free will, suffering was allowed to enter the world. 

Responses-

In the book of psalms it offers reassurance that evil and suffering have a purpose in this world.

Free will- god gave people free will and therefore it is not his fault if they choose to turn away from him

Prayer- Christians pray so that they have the strength to cope with evil and suffering.

Charity- Many Christians helps others in order to try and reduce some of the suffering from the world.

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