- Lyrical melody accompained by quavers in bass.
- section also ahs its own ABA structure.
- Is in Db major.
- Melody in bass and quavers above.
- Major to minor (C# minor)
- Has a couple of ff sections.
- Return to opening melody and key.
- Shorter and finishes with a coda.
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Rhythm,metre and tempo
- 4/4 time.
- septuplet in bars 4 and 23: seven notes of an equal lenght in one beat.
- dectuplet in bar 74: same as above but with 10 notes in one beat.
- Rubato is used: notes played longer or shorter than written, creates a flexible tempo.
- Repeated quavers throughout the peice.
- Melody begins with a dotted rhythm, this repeated thorghout section A making it feel lighter than section B.
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- Prelude begins with a lyrical melody in the right hand .
- It is decorated with ornaments, eg acciaccatura(bar 4) and a turn (bar 11).
- Melody features dotted rhythms and chromatacism.
- Section B melody move to bass.
- Narrower range and mostly made up of longer notes ( crochets and minims).
- Mostly made up of four or eight bar phrases.
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Tonality and harmony.
- The prelude is in Db major.
- Harmony is mainly diatonic with occasional chromaticism.
- Modulations from Db major to C# minor. Return to origimal key for repeat of section A.
- Section A and B both end with imperfect cadences.
- Prelude ends with a perfect cadence.
- Dominant Pedal heard thoughout. Ab in section A andG#s in section B.
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- Meoldy in right hand
- Supported by broken chords in the left hand
- Melody passes in to the left hand
- Repeated quavers ( pedal in right hand)
- Pedal is inverted and doubled in octaves when the music bulids up.
- Texture more chordal than section A.
- back to opening texture
- Short monophonic texture in the coda.
- APART FROM CODA TEXTURE IS HOMOPHONIC.
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- Lots of cresendos and dimnuendos used.
- Wide range of dynamics but no sudden constrasts.
- Section A is quieter than section B which has two ffs.
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Use of the piano
- Most of the prelude uses middle and lower ranges of the piano.
- Is not virtuoso like most of Chopin's others peices.
- Exploits wide dynamic range.
- Sustaning pedal used for resonance to create legato melodies.
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