Chinas population policy

China is an LEDC and has a very strict population policy.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Rukhsar
  • Created on: 13-06-10 18:43

Main Facts

  • 1950s: High birth rate encouraged
  • 1956-60: Great famine
  • 1960s: High birth rate. Population grew by 55 million per year
  • 1970s: Family planning programme introduced. Population grew by 40 million per year. Average family still over 3 children.
  • 1979: One child per family policy. Families with one child got free education, priority housing, pensions and family benefits. Those with two children lost those concessions and were fined.
  • 1980s: Population still grew by up to 25 million per year due to large numbers in reproductive age groups (20-39). Many single children spoilt. Rapid growth in ageing population. Shortage of females.
  • 1990s: Some relaxation. Two children in rural areas if first was a girl. Two in other areas if first was disabled. Small ethnic groups were exempt. Annual population growth averaged 13.5 million.
  • 1996: Further controls and inducements made.
1 of 3

One-child policy

  • Permission and a certificate for all pregnancies.
  • Pregnancies without a certificate may be ended by abortion.
  • Compulsory birth control for all women with one child.
  • Compulsory sterilization of all couples with two children.
  • Fines, night raids on houses where there is a second child.
  • One child families get priority in education, health and housing.
  • Couples with one child get a 10 per cent wage bonus.
  • A couple with a second child pay a fine and a tax each year.
2 of 3

Additional detail

In rural places they needed more children to work the land.

They were quickly running out of resources and because the country was overcrowded there was a strain on the healthcare system and public transport.

3 of 3

Comments

Former Member

"Night raids on houses where there is a second child"?

Guy North

San Zhang- Seriously?

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Population change resources »