- 25% of the world's population
- 7% of the world's arable land
- Uses 8% of the world's water supply
1950 - Government wanted people to have more children.
1959 - Up to 20 million people died in a famine inc children.
1960 - population starts to increase by 55 million every 3 years.
1970 - families asked to have less children but this didn't work. China could become overpopulated.
1979 - policy introduced - women; pressured to have contraception; forced abortions & sterilisations.
1990s - policy failure. 120 million more people than planned.
2000 - policy relaxed. still fined heavily if 1+ child.
Causes and Consequences
1950, rate population change 1.9%.
Chinese government encouraged more children, but by 1970 population unsustainable.
Policy keenly resisted rural areas, large families
female babies homeless/orphanages/killed, 90% abortions female
men outnumber women by 60 million
birth rate fallen, population growth now 0.7%
rise in relative number of elderly people