Chile earthquake

  • Created by: tas.xq
  • Created on: 13-04-19 09:49

Background information

  • 27th of February 2010
  • The magnitude measured 8.8
  • Struck just off the coast of Central Chile
  • Followed by some small aftershocks
  • Tsunami warnings issued

GDP = 38 / 193 (ranking)

HDI = 41 / 187 (ranking)

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Causes

  • Happened at a destructive plate boundary
    • The Nazca plate moving beneath the South American plate
  • The earthquake happened at sea so a tsunami was likely to happen
    • Wave speed was up to 80km/h
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Primary effects

  • 800000 affected
  • 500 killed
  • 12000 injued
  • Buildings destroyed
    • 220000 homes
    • 4500 schools
    • 53 ports
    • 56 hospitals 
  • Port of Talcahuana and Santiago airport badly damaged
  • Much of Chile lost power, water supplies and communications
  • Cost = $30 billion (estimate)
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Secondary Effects

  • 1500km of road damaged (mainly because of landslides)
    • Remote areas were cut of for several days
  • Several coastal towns destroyed from tsunami
  • several pacific countries struck by tsunami (warnings prevented loss of life)
  • Fire started at a chemical plant (near Santiago - area had to be evacuated) 
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Immediate responses

  • Emergency services acted quickly
    • International help supplied field hospitals, satelite phones and floating bridges
  • Temporary repairs made to some main roads to allow the transportation of aid from Santiago
  • Power and water restored to 90% of homes in 10 days
  • National appeal raised $60 million (for building 30000 small shelters
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Long-term responses

  • Chile's government started a housing reconstruction plan to help nearly 200000 households
  • Chile coul rebuild their economy without the need fo help from foreign aid (copper export -lots of income)
  • The president announced that it could take 4 years for Chile to fully recover (from damage to buildings and ports)
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