Childhood influence on adult relationships

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  • Created by: h98
  • Created on: 25-11-15 18:11

Bowlby's continuity hypothesis

A01

  • relationship with montropy creates internal working model {I.W.M} (template of self worth) ; internal working model is a schema for relationships based on first attachment that shapes future relationships
  • secure children - supportive/sensitive primary caregiver -positive I.W.M. so feel secure in future relationships
    insecure - rejecting primary caregiver - negative I.W.M. so feel unworthy; the child applies schema to future relationships

A02

  • research supporting continuity hypothesis: willie -secure children were more socially skilled, supports I.W.M. as sets children for better relationships with other in the future as social skills important for developing quality aand secure relationships
  • alternative approach:  Social learning theory - relationship aquired by observing and imitating role models rather than due to attachment with primary caregiver
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Hazen and Shaver's love quiz

A01
Ainsworth conducted strange situatiob to find attachment styles: secure, insecure avoidant, insecure resistant; continuity hypothesis and strange situation highly influential in aiding hazen and shavers love quiz to show childhood influence on relationships
Hazen+shaver love quiz findings: found adult style of love reflected childhood attachment styles shown in infants(strange sit.); printed in rocky mountains newspaper in america; analysed first 620 replies; ages 14-82; questionnaire-asked about childhood attachments and current/recent romantic relationships; affectionate,caring mother=happy, friendly in future; cold, rejecting/unresponsive mother=fear of closeness/commitment, jealous in future; unfair.inconsistent mother= obsessive / extreme passion/jealousy, desire to 'merge' with partner in future

A02

  • self report method used- subjective,more incline to lie and present false results due to nature of topic, social desirability -present themselves in best possible light, lowers internal validity, lowers overall support
  • love quiz based on retrospective data - looking back on childhood, may make something up or merely forget, lowers internal validity and limits overall support for this theory
  • culture bias- based in america [western culture], can't generalise to non western cultures, first understand norms and values to make valid interpretations of their relationships
  • could also use: population validity, individual diff, sample bias, no qualitative data
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Peer [childhood + adolescent] relationships

A01

  • relationships with peer influences adult relationships; adolescence critical period in development marked by increased importance of close friends and emergence of adult relationships
  • mangle et al claims childrens friendships are training grounds for adult relationships; close firends characterised by affection+sharing secrets; having friends to confide in promotes feelings of trust and acceptance - these are important features of adult relationships

A02

  • research to support: dunphy- observed high school student in sydney; found 2 social groups : the clique[same sex, group of 4-6, aged 12-14], and the crowd[made of several cliques, mixed gender] - social groups influence us
  • research to support:Moore-100 adolescents aged 14-15; asked close friend to rate behaviour for social acceptability; secure teens less likely engage risky activity but more likely to have had sex, supports transition to adult relationships
  • support for role of peer interaction: suomi and harlow raised monkeys with adult interaction but deprived them of peer contact- mokeys later displayed inappropriate social and sexual behaviour as adults
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