Child Language Acquisition - Writing

Revision cards going over speech of child language acquisition.

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Stages of Writing

  • Drawing
  • Letter-like forms
  • Copied letters
  • Child's name/string of letters
  • Words
  • Sentences
  • Text
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Early Writing

  • Emergent Writing - Scribble writing
  • Ascender - Part of a letter that goes above the line for letters of a font
  • Descender - Part of a letter that goes below the line for letters of a font
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Kroll and Development

  • Preperation (up to 6) - Basical motor skills and principles of spelling
  • Consolidation (7-8) - Similar to spoken language
  • Differentiation (9-10) - Awareness of writing being different to speech
  • Intergration (mid-teens) - Gains 'personal voice'
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Rothery's Catergories

  • Observation/Comment - "I saw a tiger"/"It was very big"
  • Recount - Chronological sequence of events
  • Report - Description of events; tends not to be chronological
  • Narrative - Orientation-complication-resolution-coda
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Britton and Mode of Writing

  • Expressive - Resembles speech, first person, based on personal preferences
  • Poetic - Creative, uses phonological features and descriptive devices
  • Transactional - Acedemic style
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Spelling

  • Sound clues
  • Clues from words meaning (link to others)
  • Writing it down until it 'looks right'
  • Using grammatical knowledge
  • Dictionary
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Spelling Stages

  • Pre-phonemic - Imitate writing
  • Semi-phonetic - Link letter and sounds
  • Phonetic - Understand phonemes represented by graphemes
  • Transitional - Combine phonic knowledge with visual memory
  • Conventional - Spell most words correctly
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Spelling Errors

  • Insertion - Adding extra letters
  • Omission - Leaving out letters
  • Substitution - Replacing one letter for another
  • Transposition - Reversing correct order of letters
  • Phonetic spelling - Guess letters by sound
  • Over/Under generalisation - Of rules
  • Salient (key) sounds - Writing only key sounds
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Comments

william winn

brilliant revision tool

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