Child development revision

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types of family

Types of family

  • Nuclear family: The usual two parents and children living together family. 
  • Extended family: Other relatives live close and live with the family, help out parents with childcare. 
  • Step family: When the orignal parents re-marry and get into a new relationship, their new partner will become the step parents. 
  • Single-parent family: When a parent lives on their own with the children, usually it's a mother and the children. This could be due to divorce, death of a parent or a mulitple of different reasons. 
  • Single-parent: A parent who makes dicisions for the children alone. 
  • Shared care: The parents have seperated/divorced and the children see both parents but in different households. The parents will continue to make joint dicisions about the childcare. 
  • Adoptive family: Couples adopt a child and pass tests with the social services to be in charge of their child's care, the child with live with their adoptive parents.
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Family differences

  • Religions.
  • Style/ Clothes.
  • Languages.
  • Music.
  • Food.
  • Style.
  • Traditions.
  • Family Size.
  • Celebrations/Events.
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After birth

Baby blues is when the mothers feels down for the few days after giving birth, this is due to hormonal changed, lack of sleep and recovering from labour.

Post-Natal depression happens to some mothers after giving birth, they feel unable to cope and overwhelmed with birth and having a new baby. This can be treated by medication and counselling, depending on how bad the strain is occasionally it can require psychiatric hospitalisation.

After giving birth, for the first six weeks the mother will go for post-natal appointments and this will check her emotional state. This is also to check that the uterus has gone back to normal size and is tucked back into the pelvis. They also make sure that any stitches the mother has had have dissolved and wounds have healed, also that her blood pressure is normal and if she has any post-natal bleeding. 

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Baby physical characteristics

  • Umbilical cord will be cut and detach the baby from the mother, the remains from the cord on the baby will shrivel up and drop off within 7 to 10 days.
  • The baby's skin may have milla which is small white or yellow spots, vernix, lanugo and will show birthmarks.
  • If the new born baby has white, fair skin they will have blue or green eyes and if the baby is dark-skinned then they will have brown eyes.
  • The weight of a baby should be approximately 3.4 kg, if the baby is under weight they will be below 2.5 kg.
  • Some babies are born with a full head of hair where as others aren't and can be born bald. Most newborn hair will fall out and grow back with a different colour and texture.
  • Baby's feet may look a little pigeon-toed, this is only because of how they've been laying in the womb for nine months but after six months they should start to straighten out. If the babies' foot is flat there is no need to worry as their arch is there but it's just covered with a pad of fat.
  • If the mother gives birth naturally the baby's head could be misshapped or elongated,  this is just because of the journey through the birth canel. The bones in their head have not yet fused together because it needed to fit through the birth canel so a newborn's head is very fragile. 
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