Characteristics of a Sustainable City

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Environmental Issues

Brownfield sites

  • Disused and derelict plots of land are used for buildings.
  • Stops the city growing in size at the expense of the surrounding countryside.

Conserving the environment

  • Old industrial buildings can be turned into apartments.
  • Rundown old houses can be redeveloped to provide housing in the future.
  • Using more electricity generated renewably by:
    • Solar power
    • Wind power

Open spaces

  • "Green spaces" act like "Green lungs" which reduces the impact on the environment.
  • Recycling carbon reduces pollution.
  • They provide a range of recreational opportunities.
  • There is a wide variety of wildlife.
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Social Issues

  • Involve local people in decisions about their communities.
  • Local councils consult people about a wide range of things.
  • This makes people feel valued.
  • It makes them aware that they have a voice.
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Transport Issues

  • Reducing the number of heavy good vehicles.
  • Reducing the need for long journeys.
  • "Door to door" service.
  • Restricted parking so streets aren't overcrowded.
  • Cheap public transport and dedicated bus lanes.
  • Ring roads that keep traffic out of centre.
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