Changing Urban Environments

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  • Created by: Catherine
  • Created on: 25-03-13 20:47

Location Factors

  • Food supply
  • Fuel supply
  • Wet point
  • Shelter
  • Flat land
  • Dry point
  • Bridging point
  • Aspect
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Urabanisation

rural area - city = urbanisation {more people in city than in rural areas}

MEDCS - higher urbanisation - more jobs. Sparked by industrial revolution

LEDCS- lower urbanisation - few jobs

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Burgess Model

  • CBD- Central Buisiness District
  • Inner city- old inner city- factories and mills, terrace houses
  • Inner suburbs- coucil estates
  • Outer suburbs- bigger houses, wide expanse of land
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1 CBD

Casestudy - Birmingham CBD

  • Street furniture
  • Redevelopment - Bull ring
  • Reforbishment- Mailbox
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2 multi-cultural mix

Segregation

  • support from others
  • familiar cultures
  • special facilities
  • safety in numbers
  • employment factors
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3 Traffic

Problems

  • Air pollution
  • Noise pollution
  • Road damage
  • Accidents
  • Congestion
  • Road rage

Soluions

  • Congestion Charge
  • Oyster Cards
  • Cycle lan
  • Public transport
  • ring roads
  • Park 'n' Ride
  • Tube
  • Traffic lights
  • Boris bikes
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4 run down areas

MEDC casestudy of urban regeneration- London Docklands

Abandoned and derelict

Improved transport links

new office buildings

parkland created

leisure facilities

20,000 new homes

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5 housing

Brownfield sites - buildings already exist. Cheap to build on. utilities already exist

Greenfield sites - land thats never been built on. Nicer enivronment. Bigger houses. Cheaper to buy land

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