Changing economy of UK

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  • Created by: niamh123
  • Created on: 01-01-15 16:37

Brown field site case study

Frort Dunlop, Birmingham

was: Tyre storage facillitybut closed ue to outsourcing

Impact:Many people lost their job, it employed 12,000 in its peak. this led to a rise in poverty and loss of community.

Pros of a brownfield site:

  • The bulding would no longer be derelict
  • Jobs would again be provided
  • The land is reused intead of a greenfield site being built on.
  • Allows the area to be improved
  • Good infrasturcture already exists

Cons of a brown field site:

  • Can be expensive to clear derelict sites
  • The site could be contaminatedbecause of previouse use
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Greenfield Site

Pros :

  • Does not need to be cleared or have hazadouse waste removed 
  • Usually away from buys areas so has less traffic congestion
  • Very populare as it is more peaceful
  • Cheaper to build on- land away from the center is less expensive

Cons :

  • Natural habitats may be destroyed
  • Urban area continues to expand and enter countryside
  • There is a longer commuting distance
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Changes in primary sector

UK's declining primary sector 

  • Depletion of resources: some raw materials have been used up or  cost too much to ewxtract e.g.coal in South Wales.
  • Importing raw materials: It is often cheaper and easier to import raw materials from other countries, e.g. coal from Russia.
  • Mechanisation and modernisation: Technology in all primary sector ins=dustries has developed meaning fewer workers are need to increase the yield.
  • Social change: Many primary sector jobs are hard work and tiring, many people now preferr to work in shops or offices where pay is better.
  • Policies:Quotas by EU on industries like fishing mean that less fish can be caught and this limits the industry.
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Glasgow case study

Past:

  • There were large textiles, tobacco and ship building industries.  
  • From 1870- strat of first world war almost 1/5 th of the worlds ships were made there.

Deindustrialisation:

  • From the 1930s to 1950s Ship building and manufaturing declined as they coulod not compete with lower wage from abroad.

Positive impacts:

  • Reduction in air pollution
  • Less water usage (textiles industry)
  • Reduction in noise pollution

Negative impacts:

  • Unemployment and poverty rose
  • Loss of community
  • many derelict buildings
  • Loss of income for local shops and services
  • People leave to find work
  • Social issues such as crime and alcoholism increase
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Tertiary and quaternary industries

Why have they grown?

  • It is cheaper to employ primary and secondary sectors abroad.
  • The jobs are more desirable
  • Increase in development of technology and IT related products creating more jobs
  • Companies invest in reasearch to help develope products quickly
  • Modernistation and mechanisation - Tertiary sector is less affected by this as they need people to provide the service

Farstest growing industries:

banking, insurance and financing

Education and health

Hotels and catering

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