Brown field site case study
Frort Dunlop, Birmingham
was: Tyre storage facillitybut closed ue to outsourcing
Impact:Many people lost their job, it employed 12,000 in its peak. this led to a rise in poverty and loss of community.
Pros of a brownfield site:
- The bulding would no longer be derelict
- Jobs would again be provided
- The land is reused intead of a greenfield site being built on.
- Allows the area to be improved
- Good infrasturcture already exists
Cons of a brown field site:
- Can be expensive to clear derelict sites
- The site could be contaminatedbecause of previouse use
- Does not need to be cleared or have hazadouse waste removed
- Usually away from buys areas so has less traffic congestion
- Very populare as it is more peaceful
- Cheaper to build on- land away from the center is less expensive
- Natural habitats may be destroyed
- Urban area continues to expand and enter countryside
- There is a longer commuting distance
Changes in primary sector
UK's declining primary sector
- Depletion of resources: some raw materials have been used up or cost too much to ewxtract e.g.coal in South Wales.
- Importing raw materials: It is often cheaper and easier to import raw materials from other countries, e.g. coal from Russia.
- Mechanisation and modernisation: Technology in all primary sector ins=dustries has developed meaning fewer workers are need to increase the yield.
- Social change: Many primary sector jobs are hard work and tiring, many people now preferr to work in shops or offices where pay is better.
- Policies:Quotas by EU on industries like fishing mean that less fish can be caught and this limits the industry.
Glasgow case study
- There were large textiles, tobacco and ship building industries.
- From 1870- strat of first world war almost 1/5 th of the worlds ships were made there.
- From the 1930s to 1950s Ship building and manufaturing declined as they coulod not compete with lower wage from abroad.
- Reduction in air pollution
- Less water usage (textiles industry)
- Reduction in noise pollution
- Unemployment and poverty rose
- Loss of community
- many derelict buildings
- Loss of income for local shops and services
- People leave to find work
- Social issues such as crime and alcoholism increase
Tertiary and quaternary industries
Why have they grown?
- It is cheaper to employ primary and secondary sectors abroad.
- The jobs are more desirable
- Increase in development of technology and IT related products creating more jobs
- Companies invest in reasearch to help develope products quickly
- Modernistation and mechanisation - Tertiary sector is less affected by this as they need people to provide the service
Farstest growing industries:
banking, insurance and financing
Education and health
Hotels and catering