Challenges for the planet

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The responses to climate change - from a local to

Local Scale

'livesimply' campaign founded by the Catholic Church is a campaign trying to get school kids to make the right decision about sustainable choices. Schools also introducing energy efficient water and central heating systems provided by renewable energy like solar panels and wind tubines,

NGOs (non-governmental organisations)

NGOs like Greenpeace are focusing their campaign against the use of fossil fuelss and want the governments, like the UKs to change their policies so that energy is produced in a more sustainalble way

Global Scale

The Kyoto Protocol, December 1997. It was a meeting in which cuntries decided to cut greenhouse emissions by 5.2%. Countries would reduce emissions by a % ranging from the EU at 8% to Russia at 0%. By 2008 181 countries signed The Kyoto Protocol

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The development of policies by large companies to

Nokia

About 50% of the population get a new phone every year and 44% of those phones are abandoned, lef in cupboard. Nokia want people to hand in their old phones as they are 100% recyclable. Nokia would also save 240,000 tonnes of raw materials.

Asda/Wal-Mart

Asda in Didcot have built a plastic recycling centre which crushes plastic to 10% of its size. They now recieve money from recycling their own plastic. This is good for the environment as less plastic will end up in landfills.

Marks and Spencer

M&S Cheshire Oaks have a 'Marks and Sparks' scheme, in which they hire disabled and unemployed locals which improves their quality of life. They also harvest 80,000l of rainwater which is a third of the water that they use for their store.

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Sustainable transport schemes

Park and Ride

In Cambridge the park and ride scheme is to reduce the amount of cars in the city centre. You prk your car in the parking lot and get they bus into the city centre which cost £2.20 for the whole day. The buses arrive every 10mins at the bus stop and are double-deckers so can fit 70 people.

Congestion Charge

In Central London congestion charge costs £11.50. It was first introduced to London in 2003. It is to prevent people from driving in Cenral London and to get them to take public transport to reduce pollution caused by cars, traffic.

Boris Bikes

Eco-friendly was to get around Central London. It doesn't produce any carbon emissions. Bikes cost £2 to hire for 24hrs and the first 30 mins are free. Its also great exercise and good fun

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The effects of resource extraction from a tropical

Oil extraction in Ecuador

Toxic waste mixed with crude oil - seeps out of 600 unlined pits and contaminates fresh water. Pollutes farm water. No longer safe to drink from.

Hydrocarbons - in the water are 200/300 times more concentrated than is safe for human consumption. This has caused an increase in stomach cancer. More cases of miscarriages

Many plants like the periwinkle are becoming endngered. The periwinkle can be used to treat childhood leukemia

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Tropical rainforest management

Ecuador

TEXACO - have agreed to to pay $40 million on their share of damage costs. However the chief says that it will cost $6 billion to repair the damage that has been done

MAXUS ENERGY - building underground pipes so that oils wont leak into freshwater and so it wont ruin the natural landscape. Also providing education for the local ribes. They have given $60 million for environmental protection

Costa Rica

ECOTOURISM - popular with tourists, they can get around using ziplines and foot trails. Provides jobs for locals and better the local economy 

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Tropical rainforest management

Ecuador

TEXACO - have agreed to to pay $40 million on their share of damage costs. However the chief says that it will cost $6 billion to repair the damage that has been done

MAXUS ENERGY - building underground pipes so that oils wont leak into freshwater and so it wont ruin the natural landscape. Also providing education for the local ribes. They have given $60 million for environmental protection

Costa Rica

ECOTOURISM - popular with tourists, they can get around using ziplines and foot trails. Provides jobs for locals and better the local economy 

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