CBD, inner cities and rural urban fringe case studies

this includes the topics

changing citry centres & inner cities in the UK and pressure at the rural urban fringe

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Public transport

Manchester

  • Metrolink system from Bury and Altrincham
  • Built in 1997 cost £150 million
  • Half the journey time in rush hour
  • 1/4 of users use the metrolink instead of their cars
  • Peak road use down 6%

Greater Nottingham

  • Integrated policies
  • plan for 2001-2006
  • Park and ride for 4000 cars
  • Re-allocation and road space for buses, pedestrians and cyclists
  • regulation of traffic signal
  • 600 new buses
  • city centre zone wtih restricted access
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Poverty and Low Income --->

  • Low quality accommodation --->
  • Homelessness Ill health ---> pressure on NHS
  • Inadequate diet (processed food)---->
  • few quaiforcations
  • crime

Unemployment (low pay) --->

low Income --->

  • Parental stress (family breakdown) ---> ill health ---> poor school attendance ->
  • low quality accommodation --->

Unable to do school work ---> few quaiforcation ---> Unskilled ---->

Unemployment ---->

De-Industrialisation

  • Old fashioned factories cannot be used for todays industry
  • Sites too small and restricted no room for expansion
  • Narrow roads in the inner cities, difficult for large lorries
  • Inner cities exspensive, may as well build on suburban land
  • Crime, people brake in, Vandalism, Arson
  • Closer of textile mills, dye works, engineering works
  • In, Miles Platting, Hulme, and Deane, Bolton
  • There as been a decline in demand for wool ect
  • Competition from cheap foreign imports, cheaper labour
  • At the rural-Urban fringe new types of Industry in new locations eg Hitachi at the middle brooke
  • Industrial estates example beehiven industrial estate Bolton
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Miles Platting, Hulme

Issues in the inner city

Social Problems

  • Vandalism,
  • crime,
  • lack of skilled labour,
  • lack of investment
  • poor housing
  • high unemployment
  • poor schools
  • racial conflict

Industrial problems

  • narrow streets
  • expensive land
  • 50% unemployed

Environmental Problems

  • Congestion
  • manys houses were without gardens
  • no open space
  • lots of pollution
  • litter
  • nosie pollution
  • dirlick land
  • polluted rivers

Residential Problems

  • poor housing
  • not much thought gone into shopping prarade
  • high rise blocks poor design
  • poor colours
  • poor planning
  • damp

Hulme, Urban renewal project

  • 1970's, high rise, boring colours and design, uniform, poor quailty, flat roofs

Model for the new Hulme

  • Social mix
  • 3 storey double fronted, 2 house single fronted

Urban Environment

  • Offset building and mixed design, recycled brick, cobbled roads, trees, community, safty

Hulme today

  • 3 different housing designs
  • parking bayss reduced crime
  • nice designed houses, ornoremental brick

Sanctuary Park

  • Safe play area for young children
  • No vandalism
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Strategies to manage to CBD of Manchester

Central Manchester Development Corporation

  • set up in 1998
  • Built the Bridgewater concert hall
  • Bridgewater office development
  • 2 million leisure vistors
  • many warehouses have been turned into residental in the woodworth's street area

City centre

  • spinningfields project £500 million redevelope the area around river Irwell and Deansgate
  • places that have been redeveloped included :flats, a five star hotel, magistrates court building, a library, the manchester evening news offices and the law courts
  • There are also many new bars, shops and restaurants

Castlefield

  • Manchester council brought the area in 1978
  • They used its indust

Metrolink

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