CBD, Inner City, Suburbs and Rural-Urban Fringe

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Different parts of a settlement Diagram

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CBD (Central Business District)

  • Market
  • Shops/Offices
    •  National Chains
  • Tall buildings
    • land is expensive
  • Vertical land use
    • different use on different floors
  • Pedestrianised
  • Public buildings
    • Town Hall
    • Museum
    • Library
  • Transport hubs
    • Bus station
  • Street furniture
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Suburbs

  • 1930's / 1950's housing
  • Semi detached
  • Front / back gardens
  • Garages
  • Bay windows
  • Off street parking
  • Crescents / cul de sacs
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Inner City

  • Small, terraced houses
  • Small or no front gardens
  • On street parking
  • Next to CBD
  • Long straight roads
  • Corner shops
  • Factories
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Rural-Urban Fringe

  • Countryside
  • City boundary
  • Detached houses (large)
  • Small front / back gardens
  • Crescents / cul de sacs
  • Retail park
  • Office park
  • Golf courses
  • Farms
  • White / green woods
  • Dual carriage ways
  • Cemetries
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Social, Economical + Cultural Factors

CBD

Land Use

  • Businesses, e.g. shops and offices

Social Factors

  • Its busy and very accessible

Economic Factors

  • Land is expensive (only businesses can afford it).

Cultural Factors

  • It's a centre point for entertainment.
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Social, Economical + Cultural Factors

Suburbs

Land Use

  • Medium-class housing

Social Factors

  • It's less crowded and more pleasant, with less traffic and pollution.

Economic Factors

  • Richer people who can afford to commute and to have big houses live here.

Cultural Factors

  • People with families live here due to the space for leisure activities, e.g. BBQ's.
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Social, Economical + Cultural Factors

Inner City

Land Use

  • Low-class housing and industry

Social Factors

  • Traditionally small houses were built here near to factories to house workers.

Economic Factors

  • Poorer people who can't afford to communte and can only afford small houses live here.

Cultural Factors

  • Ethnic groups live here so they're near to important services, e.g. places of worship.
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Social, Economical + Cultural Factors

Rural-Urban Fringe

Land Use

  • Business parks and high-class housing

Social Factors

  • It's still accessible for commuters and there's lots of space.

Economic Factors

  • The land is often cheaper here so bigger houses can be built for richer people.

Cultural Factors

  • Richer people who like rural lifestyle and being in reach of the city live here.
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