Causes of the korean war

Ending the War

The impact of the media :

As the war dragged on more and more Americans began to oppose the war in Vietnam. Many people began to oppose the draft, and public figures, like the boxer Muhammad Ali, risked prison rather than go to Vietnam. In 1970, officers from the National Guard shot at anti-war protestors at Kent State University, killing four students. More people questioned the lengths their government would go to in support of this unpopular war.

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Ending the war

The process of withdrawl :

WATERGATE SCANDAL:The Watergate scandal began in mid-1972 following a break-in at the Watergate Hotel Complex on June 17 of five burglars, one of them was working for  President Nixon’s Committee to Re-elect the President.The prowlers were connected to President Richard Nixon’s reelection campaign, and they had been caught wiretapping phones and stealing documents. Nixon took aggressive steps to cover up the crime afterwards, and in August 1974, after his role in the conspiracy was revealed, Nixon resigned. 

The increasing level of public criticism of the war was one of the reasons for the growing pressure to find a peaceful solution. A ceasefire was agreed, and American forces would leave Vietnam. 

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Ending the war

Impact of the vietnam war :

  • The war had cost 58,000 American and 1-4 million Vietnamese lives, affected 700,000 American veterans; cost America over one hundred billion dollars, and damaged reputation and morale at home.
  • The policy of containment had failed in the propaganda war: having presented the war in Vietnam as a moral crusade against communism, the atrocities committed by the US military in Vietnam in terms of the number of civilian deaths and the use of chemical weapons, had tarnished America’s image at home and abroad.
  • The policy of containment had failed militarily: despite the USA’s superior military strength it could not stop the spread of communism.
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