What did they do?
The Tigris - Euphrates River has its source in : TURKEY
But it distributes and passes by : SYRIA & IRAQ
GAP project (South East Anatolia Project) produced..
- 21 dams
- 19 power plants
Turkey wanted MORE water
--> Agriculture & Domestic usage (eg. irrigation)
--> Produce 22% of Turkeys electricity (Hydroelectric Power)
How will this impact Syria and Iraq?
No water --> affects farming --> less food --> need imported food --> economical issue
The Middle East have a lack of water (Water deficit/scarcity)
- Its very dry --> they need water!
- They worry Turkey and Syria will consume most of the water before it reaches Iraq
There has been conflicts since 1940s
- in 1974 Iraq put troops on the Syrian boarder --> Threatened to destroy the dam