Case study revision cards-Population (AS level)

Case study revision cards for population unit, AS level geography.

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  • Created by: Pheebie
  • Created on: 30-03-12 08:39

Population Policies- China

One Child Policy

  • Implications mean there is now a huge aging population. 
  • Also Social impacts include more males than females.
  • It has improved China's health care for women, now they're more liekly to have a successful pregnancy.
  • Political problems raised are questions of human rights.
  • This has made China more sustainable for the future in terms of food and resources- but there are now huge amounts of elderly dependants.

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Population Policies- Malaysia

Helping a Growing Population

  • Improve health service and welfare of women & children.
  • They want to slow population increase, so they have enough resources.
  • They're increasing family planning & contraception but abortion is illegal.
  • They aim to reduce  fertility from 4 to 2 children by 2070. Incentives will encourage disadvantaged groups and be costly but benefit the economy in the future.
  • This will ensure sustainability in future with resources and an economy to look after everyone. 


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Population Policies- Italy

Helping a Declining Population.

  • Italy is in stage 5 of the demographic transition model.
  • The fertility rate is 1.4, one of the lowest in Europe.
  • The government is offering cash incentives- a one-off 1000Euro payment to have a second child.
  •  It also has been discussed to pay women not to have abortions. 
  • Migration into Italy has been encouraged.
  • Overall this will increase Italy's workforce to help balance the elderly dependant proportion of the population.


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Migration- Dubai

  • More males than females.
  • Population has quadrupled in the last 25years.
  • High salary's for foreign workers.
  • Tight alcohol laws= conflict between locals and migrants.
  • Low salary for local workers.
  • Influx of prostitution, people trafficing and organised crime into Dubai.
  • Polarised system, wealthy urban area, poor rural area and cattleman.


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Polish Migration to the UK (1)

Push Factors:-

  • High Unemployment (up to 40% in rural areas.)
  • Lower Wages.

Pull Factors (UK):-

  • Low unemployment 
  • Availability of work.
  • Need jobs in areas such as construction.
  • Higher wages (4-5x higher than Poland)
  • Cost of living only 2x more.

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Polish Migration to the UK (2)

Positive Impacts

  • Contribute £2.5 billion to UK economy.
  • Offsets ageing population.
  • Work for lower pay.
  • Hard working, flexible and enthusiastic workers.

Negative Impacts

  • Taking jobs off British people.
  • Exploited by employers.
  • Violence and abuse are higher in areas of high migrant density.
  • Assimilation problems.
  • UK pays for language facilities for migrant migrants.

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Worcester services and shops for migrants

  • Baltic Amber- Polish, Russian, Romanian & British food.
  • Adresy Polskion Sldpow UK.
  • Andian Restaurant.
  • Polish courses - Worcester university.
  • Fish monger Maria- Eastern European food.
  • Braemar Opticians.


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Impacts of Ageing population in UK

  • Number of people reaching 100years+ is at record high.
  • Greater burden on NHS.
  • 90% increase of people over 100 since 1911.
  • 0.015% of UK population are 100years+.
  • There will be 40,000 people 100years+ by 2031.
  • Rapidly increased since 1950's due to NHS housing improvements, nutrition and sanitation.
  • People in 60's and 50's looking after their parents has increased.
  • 6% of the population will be 100years+ by 2030.


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Isle of Purbeck

Ageing Population

  • Purbeck has more females than males because women have a longer life expectancy and elderly people tend to live there.
  • 98.8% of the population are white compared to the national average of 90.8%.
  • High level of pupils get level 1-3 qualifications but a low level of 4-5 level qualifications as people move away to go to university.
  • High rate of home ownership- 5% above national average. 
  • There is a low amount of council homes, 7.7% compared to the national average of 13.2%.


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Demographic Transition Model

  • Stage 1:- Ethiopia & Bangladesh. (UK pre 1760) LEDC's. High birth & death rates.
  • Stage 2:- Sri  Lanka & Kenya. (UK 1761-1880) LEDC's & NIC's. High birth rates but death rates rapidly declining due to medical advancements.
  • Stage 3:- China & Cuba. (UK 1881-1940) NICs. Birth rates are declining rapidly whilst death rates are falling slightly still.
  • Stage 4:- Japan & USA. (UK post 1941) MEDC's. Birth rates and death rates remain low and fluctuate slightly.
  • Stage 5:- Hungary & Italy (since 1995). MEDC's. Population is decling due to low birth rates. 


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Is this based on AQA as level geography ? 

Paresh Shah


shut up

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