Case Study: Katchinga to Rio (rural to urban migration)

Use for the geography case studies exam

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  • Created by: Tom
  • Created on: 04-06-10 15:36

Case Study: Kachinga to Rio (rural to urban migrat

Kachinga

  • North East Brazil.
  • Semi Arid Region.
  • Most of the population are farmers.
  • People Struggle to grow enough food to survive or make any money.
  • No evenly spread government spending.
  • This means people in the area have poor education, bad health service and no food.
  • Bright light syndrome! meaning they want to move to the city where all the "action" is.
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Case Study: Kachinga to Rio (rural to urban migrat

Rio

Pull Factors

  • More wealth in Rio
  • Bright light Syndrome!!
  • Greater diversity of economy
  • More reliable food resource.
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Case Study: Kachinga to Rio (rural to urban migrat

Impacts of Migration: Kachinga

  • All the young move to the city, so the old people have no-one to look after them.
  • Brain drain from Kachinga, new business that may have started will never get set up.
  • Labour drain, even less food in the area, greater chance of malnutrition, starvation etc.
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Case Study: Kachinga to Rio (rural to urban migrat

Impacts of Migration: Rio

  • Over population causes fevelas to be built on illegal land.
  • Crime increases in the more densely populated areas,
  • Overcrowding.
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Case Study: Rio to Baha (Urban to Rural migration)

Because of this....

  • Donut effect occurs, all the wealthiest people leave so there is little left in the town.
  • Negative multiplier effect.
  • Increased traffic from commuters traveling to the city.
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Case Study: Rio to Baha (Urban to Rural migration)

Impacts of Migration: Baha

  • Loss of habitats and greenfield sites.
  • Spreads the wealth away from Rio to Baha.
  • Baha has the biggest shopping mall in Brazil.
  • More jobs for locals because of this.
  • Convenient bus service from the mall to people's homes.
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