case study: facotrs and processes affecting land use in Helston

land use case study of helston in cornwall

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  • UK's most southery town
  • population of 10,000
  • cornwalls second oldest town
  • close to RAF base at culdrose
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  • eastern slopes of river cober
  • steep slopes to west
  • valley provides shelter
  • gap town lies between important physical features
  • river cober used to be a port but an increase in sedimentation ment the river has become un navigable
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economic factors

  • market town and transport centre
  • center for coinage from nearby mines- stannary town
  • 20th century decline in fishing, farming and mining
  • water ma trout industrial estate- 1980's industry creating decentralisation and multinuclei land use
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social factors

  • suburbanisation- private housing to north, large secondary school and leasure centre creates growth of services
  • local authority housing to south
  • naval housing built due to development of culdrose naval base leading to expansion of town and housing for 3000 naval personnel
  • population growth made helston important retail centre in 1970's
  • large supermarkets on urban rural fringe lead to dead heart syndrome ( lots of abandoned shops and only pubs and charity shops left in CBD)
  • increase in popularity and avalibility of transport led to people shopping away from helston in larger towns such as Truro
  • 1990's further private detached housing built in north west due to immigration from retirement
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historical factors

  • stannary town centre of cornish economy
  • deriliction of CBD
  • suburban instinctification to north
  • town growing in population becoming a dormitory town
  • segregation by sosio-economic ststus/planning
  • recent regeneration- re imaging old cattle market using european convergance funds
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