case study: deprivation in Dhaka

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Bangladesh facts

  • population- 160 million
  • population density- 1200 perkm2
  • birth rate- high but falling 49 per 1000 in 1970 to 28 per 1000 in 2008
  • death rate- falling 28 per 1000 1970 to 8 per 1000 in 2008
  • natural increase high and accelerating- 1.6% in 1950 now 2% in 2008
  • infant mortality- falling but high 140 per 1000 in 1970 to 57 per 1000 in 2008
  • population structure- 34% population are 15 years old
  • life expectancy- 46men, 44women in 1970 now 53 for both sexes
  • physical geography- flat delta prone to flooding
  • literacy rate- low levels (54% men, 31% women)
  • aid- recieves $11 per person per year
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growth factors

  • 12 million and growing by 300-400,000 per year
  • global shift to manufaxturing due to TNC investment due to cheap labour on offer
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economic issues

  • child labour- half a million children work long hours with low wages leaving little chance to gain an education
  • informal economy
  • growing middle class accentuates poverty (polarization)
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social issues

  • population growth is outgrowing provision of services (education, sanintation)
  • city outgrowing its infrastructure leading to informal housing
  • migrants who make it out of poverty are replaced by those moving in
  • 1 third without mains water (30% slum dwellers)
  • mains sewage for i quarter of population
  • 45,000 hospital beds and 4000 people per doctor
  • high pressure on services
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political issues

  • strong polarization between rich and poor
  • lack of tax base to pay for services as people move out
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