case study: deprivation in Birmingham

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deprivation facts

  • birmingham suffers high deprivation and is 3rd most deprived core city
  • most deprived city in west midlands metroploitan area
  • 41% residents live in super output areas that are amongst 10% most deprived in UK
  • deprivation clustered in wards surrounding CBD
  • large degree of variation between different areas of city (polarization)
  • ladywood most deprived constituency in the city
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growth facts

  • 11 million people
  • industrial revolution then became deindustrialised
  • re imaginf and regeneration- major retail and commerce centre
  • 80% tertiary employment
  • re imaging to post industrial city
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economic issues

  • new growth put strain on transport- roads become over crowded in peak times
  • highly skilled jobs go to commuters who live out of the city
  • 80% tertiary employment- low wages
  • high rates of unemployment suroiunding CBD creating disaffection (feeling unjustly treated and seperated from society) and polarization
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social issues

  • ranked 16th/364 most deprived districts in England
  • has many super output areas ranked in 10% most deprived
  • pockets of deprivation on fringe- old post war council houses
  • high percentage of ethnic minorities- 30% live in inner ring
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political issues

  • strong polarization between rich and poor
  • lack of tax base to pay for services
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