Case Study

Uses of the Alps

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  • Created by: Bel
  • Created on: 01-04-11 14:13

The Alps are used for...

Farming: 1.Steep sided upland areas are used to farm goats, to provide milk, cheese and meat.   2. Sunnier slopes have been terraced to plant vineyards EG Lavaux, Switzerland.

H.E.P.: 1. Narrow valleys are dammed to generate H.E.P. EG in Berne area in Switzerland. 60% of Switzerland's electricity is from HEP stations in the Alps.   2. Electricity produced used locally to power homes and businesses. Also exported to towns and cities further away.

Tourism: 1. 100million tourists visit Alps each year. Huge part of economy.   2. 70% of tourists visit mountains in winter for skiing, snowboarding and ice climbing. In summer tourists come walking, mountain biking, paragliding and climbing.   3. New villages cater for quantity of tourists, EG Tignes in France.  4. Ski runs, ski lifts, cable cars, holiday chalets and restaurants pepper the landscape.

Mining: 1. Salt, iron ore, gold, silver and copper were mined in Alps but mining has declined dramatically due to cheaper foreign sources.

Forestry: Scots pine is planted as it's more resilient to goats which kill tree saplings. Trees are logged and sold for furniture et cetera.

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