CASE STUDY = Dubai's Coastal Area
Dubai is located on the continent of Asia and has the ocean Gulf of Oman to the East and the ocean Gulf to the North. The countries surrounding Dubai is Oman to the East and Saudi Arabia to the South.
Growth of Tourism (Estimate):
- 1990 = 970,00
- 1995 = 2,200,000
- 2000 = 3,900,000
- 2005 = 6,200,000
- 2010 = 8,400,000
Inprovements to Infrastructure = The government of the UAE have had to spend a huge amount on improving the infrastructure in the area in order to attract private developers. They have added:
- Duty Free Shopping Centre - attracts international shoppers
- 11km coastal strip of international hotels/resorts/marinas. Port Complex - international ships.
- Dubailand - 24 theme parks built. Also has the largest indoor ski centre in the world.
- Resort Airports - includes golf courses, swimming pools and a private beach.
CASE STUDY = Landslide, Scarborough
Holbeck Hall Hotel Landslide, Scarborough:
- When did it happen?
The night of 3rd June and 5th June 1993
- Where did it happen?
South of Scarborough in North Yorkshire
- What happened?
A landslide destroyed the four-star Holbeck Hall Hotel. Involving 1 million tonnes of glacial cut back the 70m high cliff by 60m.
- Why did it happen?
The cause was a combination of rain fall of 140mm in the two months before and the water pressure built up in the slope.
CASE STUDY = Lyme Regis
Lyme Regis is a coastal town in West Dorset, England.
Why is it under threat?
- built on one of the most unstable and rapidly eroding coastal zones in England.
- Lies on slipped land that is made up of unstable soft clays and sands which move over stronger limestone and clay rock.
- The sea is rising and eroding the bottom of cliffs causing more land slips.
Tourism is the main source of income to the town. So coastal management is not just about protecting buildings - its also about also about protecting jobs and income for many local people.
At the peak of summer the population of the town swells from a resident population of 5,000 to 15,000 as tourists arrived.
CASE STUDY = Wallsea Wetlands, Essex
Wallsea Wetlands Creation Scheme, Essex.
Wallsea Island lies on the Essex coastline between Crouch and the Roach estuaries. The area has been protected by a sea wall for many years and the land behind is used for farming.
Wallasea Wetlands is a reclaimed wetlands area located in Essex, England. It has been created as part of a government-funded wetlands scheme to halt the decline of wild and endangered birds caused by the drainage and development of former wetland sites. It is the largest man-made marine wetland area in the United Kingdom.
The wetland spans an area of 115 hectares and is sited on Wallsea Island. which borders two rivers (River Crouch to the north and River Roach to the south-east). They provide winter grounds for wading birds, as well as breeding and nursery areas for aquatic wildlife, such as bass, mullet, flatfish and herring and even some types of dolphin. The area will also help to reduce the flooding of properties near the River Crouch by providing a run-off area for floodwaters.