Italy is an example of the recent expansion of holiday choice.
The Italian Alps: people who enjoy skiing, sightseeing and hiking.
Venice: canals, renaissance architecture.
Vernazza: family holidays, sunbathing.
Dubai is an example of tourism in different countries.
- It is easily accessible from Europe, Asia and Africa with 120 airlines flying there.
- Tourism in dubai is growing quickly.
- Around 2.8 million people visited in 2000, and in 2010 there was 10 million people.
- Hotel revenue was up by 22% from 2007 to 2008.
- Famous for its duty-free shopping malls, large department stores and markets.
- Prices are reasonable.
- Emirates Airlines that do long-haul flights often stop off in Dubai where they are based.
- Sightseeing is popular - the zoo, the markets, watersports.
- Excursions are also popular to the wetland mudflat to see different bird species.
Blackpool is an example of a resort rejuvinating itself.
- Became a major tourist resort in the 19th century with inhabitants of nothern industrial towns.
- Business boomed betwee 1900 and 950 with factory workers (more disposable income).
- Attracted some private investment to upgrade some areas.
- However around 1970, package holidays were popular and the British weather unreliable.
- There was a decline.
- People began to visit for day-trips or a weekend.
- One approach to get out of the recession was plans for a supercasino.
- These fell through.
- However, Blackpool is still aiming for rejuvination.
The Lake District is an example of a National Park.
- Famous for its amazing scenery, abundant wildlife and cultural heritage.
- Small boats are allowed on many lakes.
- Walking is one of the most popular activities.
- Historical and cultural sights also attract tourists.
- Traffic problems: Queues are common, as are congestion and parking.
- Honeypot sites: Several areas have scarred landscapes, there is also footpath erosion.
- Pressure on property: Holiday cottages are not occupied all year, holidaymakers often do not support local businesses, there is increased demands therefore increased house prices, forcing some locals out to find affordable homes.
- Environmental issues: Fuel spills from boats are uncommon causing pollution, all the wash from fast motor vehicals erode the shore.
Jamaica is an example of mass tourism.
- The Caribbean's main tourist destinations.
- Tourism is the countries second biggest earner.
- Many local businesses depend on tourism, like food production.
- Jamaica has much to offer tourists: watersports, wildlife sanctuaries etc.
- Nowadays there is a growth in community tourism where the tourist gets more interaction with the local people, and the money earned goes directly to the people rather than to large international businesses.
- Jamaica now offers some eco-tourism.
Antarctica is an example of extreme tourism.
- Small-scale tourism started in 1950s when commercial shipping took a few passengers.
- There were 9,000 tourists in 1992-3 and 46,000 in 2007-8.
- Over 100 tourist companies are involved.
- Tourist areas have quickly become honeypots.
- Walking, kayaking, skiing are a few activities.
- The tourists can disturb the wildlife.
- Oil-spills are common.
- There are limits for tourists, protection is the number one priority.
- Tourists can't visit Sites of Special Scientific Interest.
- No ships carrying over 500 passengers can land.
- However there are fears this will change.
The Galapagos Islands
The Galapagos Islands are an example of ecotourism.
- The volcanic Galapagos Islands lie 1,000km off the west coast of South America.
- About 90% of the islands are National Parks or marine reserves.
- The islands are amoung the most precious ecosystems in the world.
- Tourists visit uner strict rules: only small ships allowed, the Galapagos Conservation Trusr receives £25 from every visitor, visitors are prevented from causing damage.
- Environmental benefits: local people have to make a living.
- Economic benefits to the local economy: local businesses have been started to provide the needs of tourists.
- Economic benefits to the lives of individuals: people are emplyed in guest houses, on boats and as guides. The income is enough to make a difference to a household.