Case studies

These are all the case studies needed for the tourism section of AQA Geography A. :)

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Italy

Italy is an example of the recent expansion of holiday choice.

The Italian Alps: people who enjoy skiing, sightseeing and hiking.

Venice: canals, renaissance architecture.

Vernazza: family holidays, sunbathing.

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Dubai

Dubai is an example of tourism in different countries.

  • It is easily accessible from Europe, Asia and Africa with 120 airlines flying there.
  • Tourism in dubai is growing quickly.
  • Around 2.8 million people visited in 2000, and in 2010 there was 10 million people.
  • Hotel revenue was up by 22% from 2007 to 2008.
  • Famous for its duty-free shopping malls, large department stores and markets.
  • Prices are reasonable.
  • Emirates Airlines that do long-haul flights often stop off in Dubai where they are based.
  • Sightseeing is popular - the zoo, the markets, watersports.
  • Excursions are also popular to the wetland mudflat to see different bird species.
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Blackpool

Blackpool is an example of a resort rejuvinating itself.

  • Became a major tourist resort in the 19th century with inhabitants of nothern industrial towns.
  • Business boomed betwee 1900 and 950 with factory workers (more disposable income).
  • Attracted some private investment to upgrade some areas.
  • However around 1970, package holidays were popular and the British weather unreliable.
  • There was a decline.
  • People began to visit for day-trips or a weekend.
  • One approach to get out of the recession was plans for a supercasino.
  • These fell through.
  • However, Blackpool is still aiming for rejuvination.
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Lake District

The Lake District is an example of a National Park.

  • Famous for its amazing scenery, abundant wildlife and cultural heritage.
  • Small boats are allowed on many lakes.
  • Walking is one of the most popular activities.
  • Historical and cultural sights also attract tourists.
  • Traffic problems: Queues are common, as are congestion and parking.
  • Honeypot sites: Several areas have scarred landscapes, there is also footpath erosion.
  • Pressure on property: Holiday cottages are not occupied all year, holidaymakers often do not support local businesses, there is increased demands therefore increased house prices, forcing some locals out to find affordable homes.
  • Environmental issues: Fuel spills from boats are uncommon causing pollution, all the wash from fast motor vehicals erode the shore.
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Jamaica

Jamaica is an example of mass tourism.

  • The Caribbean's main tourist destinations.
  • Tourism is the countries second biggest earner.
  • Many local businesses depend on tourism, like food production.
  • Jamaica has much to offer tourists: watersports, wildlife sanctuaries etc.
  • Nowadays there is a growth in community tourism where the tourist gets more interaction with the local people, and the money earned goes directly to the people rather than to large international businesses.
  • Jamaica now offers some eco-tourism.
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Antarctica

Antarctica is an example of extreme tourism.

  • Small-scale tourism started in 1950s when commercial shipping took a few passengers.
  • There were 9,000 tourists in 1992-3 and 46,000 in 2007-8.
  • Over 100 tourist companies are involved.
  • Tourist areas have quickly become honeypots.
  • Walking, kayaking, skiing are a few activities.
  • The tourists can disturb the wildlife.
  • Oil-spills are common.
  • There are limits for tourists, protection is the number one priority.
  • Tourists can't visit Sites of Special Scientific Interest.
  • No ships carrying over 500 passengers can land.
  • However there are fears this will change.
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The Galapagos Islands

 The Galapagos Islands are an example of ecotourism.

  • The volcanic Galapagos Islands lie 1,000km off the west coast of South America.
  • About 90% of the islands are National Parks or marine reserves.
  • The islands are amoung the most precious ecosystems in the world.
  • Tourists visit uner strict rules: only small ships allowed, the Galapagos Conservation Trusr receives £25 from every visitor, visitors are prevented from causing damage.
  • Environmental benefits: local people have to make a living.
  • Economic benefits to the local economy: local businesses have been started to provide the needs of tourists.
  • Economic benefits to the lives of individuals: people are emplyed in guest houses, on boats and as guides. The income is enough to make a difference to a household.
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