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Ethiopia Case Study

  • drought in 1984 put 7 million people at risk of starvation
  • famine caused because of lack of rainfall
  • 1 million died because of lack of resources (mainly food and (clean) water)
  • 40,000 people fled to Korem for hope of survival
  • World Vision set up an aid programme to sustainably help those most in need
  • village situated in Humbo
  • Capped Springs to collect clean water from - without having to walk 6 hours - people could clean their clothes and themselves which prevented diseases such as Cholera spreading
  • Apple Tree Nursery - trees grown for total of 3 years, each farmer got 6 seedlings, each produced 125kg of apples for farmers to sell, apples are a highly profitable cash crop
  • Irrigation Techniques - farmers taught about these, allowed crops to equally grow without flooding or dryness, canal irrigation drains, micro flooding - holes created for drainage, mangos, guavas, banannas, coffee grown
  • Social Sustainability - meant no need for 6 hour round trip - people can go to school, money could be earnt for farmers to spend on family etc, however the scheme does rely on rain!
  • Economic Sustainability - farmers made more money because of new efficiency, money could be spent on eduction/healthcare,  however apple trees took 3 years to grow and Ethiopia was reliant on aid
  • Environmental Sustainability - capped springs conserved water, land used to grow crops prevented desertification
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Toyota Case Study

  • Economic activity in MEDC is car manufacturing
  • Toyota are a Japanese company
  • 5th largest company in the world
  • Located in Burnaston, Derby
  • Reasons to build factory in UK - governement encouraged it as many postives bought with it (multiplier effect), UK workers work for longer hours and less pay than workers in some other EU countries, being in EU alows trade to be cheaper to other EU countries, UK has a large selection of skilled workers.
  • Toyota chose Derby because: location is huge (600 acres, Burnaston is largely flat - easy to build on and add test track etc, Derbyshire county invested £20m on site improving site, good access to site for exports/imports etc M1 and A38 situated next to it, West Midlands are very accessible, cheap electricity available from local power stations.
  • Postitives - 3000 jobs made - economy strenghtened, jobs were secure - Toyota is a large company, multiplier efdect - better things to come - improved transport, new M1 - M6 link road, 4700 houses and additional money spent on city centre.
  • Negatives- built on greenfield site, noise and traffic pollution, Japanese will get best jobs.
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Thailand Economics Case Study

  • 10 tourists for every local on islands such as Ko Phangan at peak times
  • 6 million tourists bring $72.2billion a year
  • reasons to go - very cheap - £30 a night in places such as Phuket, naturally beautiful country - beaches (Ko Phi Phi), national parks (Khao Yai), attractions - elephnat rides, full moon parties, river rafting, floating markets, Additionally - culture eintersting to Westerners - Buddhist monastries, temples etc, Thailand famous for exclusive service.
  • Social sustainability -creates jobs, workers get little pay - $4.50 an hour for a chamber maid, hotels built across vast land - sea gypsies, culture of tourists parties can be upsetting to locals, human zoos occur
  • Economic sustainability - tourists create a huge income - Ko phangan attracts extra 20,000 tourists - $50m, tourists drive prices up - on average £40 for basic appartment
  • Environmental sustainability - elephant rides are extremely cruel, 12T waste produced from full moon party - pollutes areas left for Thai people to clear up.
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