Caesar as dictator
- 49BC- appointed dictator by Lepidus, praetor.
-Resigned after 11 days and took consulship of 48BC: an attempt to reconstruct normality?
-Following Pharsalus (48BC), appointed dictator for 1 year, dealing with emergency situation.
-46BC- following victory in Africa, appointed dictator for 10 years but held consulship simultaneously (46 & 45 BC) and accepting title/honours from the senate- legality.
-Following Munda, Caesar took control and Senate hoped for return of Republican government.
-44BC- Takes dictatorship for life and rumours saying he intended to become 'Rex'.-Widespread hostility
- Passed a lot of reforms in a short space of time, aimed at efficiency and effectiveness.
-Much was left to be finished by successors due to brevity of time in Rome.
- Senatorial decrees- membership raised to 900 & included Gauls/Spaniards.
- Amendments to length of tenure of governourships- shortened to reduce corruption.
- Reduction of Romans on corn dole by half.
- Public works.
- Composition of law courts- equal equestrians and senators.
- Penalties for crimes harshened.
- Reform of Calendar.
- Army- soldiers paid generously.
- Restrictions on wealthy displays by nobiles.
- Uniform system of local government.