Cabinet Mission 1946

  • Created by: doreen1
  • Created on: 01-05-15 09:32

Cabinet Mission 1946

What were the Cabinet Mission's propsals: Clement Attlee (Labour Party leader) had insisted that the Mission did everything possible to maintain a united Inda - a united India that could play a key role in Britain's plan for security in Asia. This would seem to rule out a separate Pakistan.The three men (Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Staffod Cripps & A.V Alexander) arrived (march 1946) and stayed in India (more than 3 months) determined to break the deadlock between Congress and the Muslim League. 

A second Simla Conference was held in May 1946 - the purpose was to work through the Cabinet Mission's proposals. This is what was proposed:

·         an All-India Union, responsible for defence, foreign policy and internal communication, together with powers to raise finances to fund these these elements 

·         the All-India Union would be governed by an executive and legislature

·         there would be three clusters of provincial governments:

o    Congress’ Hindu heartland of Madras, Bombay, Orissa and the United & Central Provinces

o    The Muslim & predominantly Muslim areas of Baluchistan, the North-West Frontier Province, Sind & Punjab

o    Bengal & Assam, where the balance of religions was slightly in favour of the Muslims

·         each provincial group would elect its own government to be responsible for the day-to-day running of  provincial affairs.

·         the All-India Union would comprise elected representatives form each provincial group

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