Arrangement of Elements
Q1) How are the elements arranged on the periodic table?
Q2) What is the atomic number?
Q3) What is relative atomic mass?
Q4) What is the most reactive group?
Q5) What is the least reactive group?
Relative atomic mass and Group 1 metals
Q6) What is a column on the periodic table called?
Q7) What is group 1 called and why?
Q8) Name 4 properties of group 1 elements.
Q9) As you go down the group the elements become more _________.
Group 1 Metals (continued)
Q10) Why do the alkali metals have to be kept under oil?
Q11) Why are they called alkali metals?
Q12) Give an example of one of the metals reacting vigorously with water and give the product(s).
Q13) Give 2 examples of one of the metals reacting with chlorine.
Group 7 non-metals
Q14) What is group 7 called?
Q15) Name 3 properties of this group.
Q16) Why are they gases?
Q17) As you move down the group they become _____________.
Q18) Give an example of one of these elements reacting with a metal, name the product(s).
Q19) What do they form when the react with a metal?
Examples of Halogens
Q20) Chlorine is a _____ and its colour is ________.
Q21) The melting point of chlorine is ___ and the boiling point of chlorine is ___.
Q22) The reaction with iron is ________ and ________.
Q23) Bromine is a _____ and its colour is ________.
Q24) The melting point of bromine is ___ and the boiling point of bromine is ___.
Q25) The reaction with iron is ________ and ________ .
Q26) Iodine is a _____ and its colour is ________.
Q27) The melting point of melting is ___ and the boiling point of chlorine is ___.
Q28) The reaction with iron is ________ and ________.
Q29) What does the nucleus consist of?
Q30) Around the nucleus are _______.
Q31) In an atom, the ________ number is always equal to the _______.
Q32) This means the over all atom is ________.
Q33) Elections are contain in _____ around the nucleus.
Q34) The first shell can hold a maximum of __ electrons.
Q35) The second shell can hold __ electrons.
Q36) The third shell holds __ electrons.
Q37) The fourth shell holds __ electrons.
Q38) Everytime a shell is filled, a new what starts?*
*not necessarily needed
Electronic Structure (continued)
Q39) Example: Neon has a proton number of 10. How many electrons does it have?
Q40) How many shells does it have?
Q41) This makes neon a ______ atom.
Q42) The number of electrons in the outer shell is the same as its __________.
*Q43) The number of shells any atoms has is the same as its ______.
*not necessarily needed
Q44) What colour flame does Lithium produce?
Q45) What colour flame does Sodium produce?
Q46) What colour flame does Potassium produce?
Q47) When a metal reacts with a non-metal, each metals atom loses ________.
Q48) Thus giving it a __________ charge.
Q49) Example: Sodium has 11 electrons, it loses ________ and becomes _______ charged.
Q50) Now it's electronic arrangement is (__,__), the same as neon but is not the same thing because it is ________ charged.
Q51) The formula for a sodium ion is ____.
Q52) Example: If a metal loses two electrons from its outer shell, it becomes an ion with a charge of ___.
Q53) When a metal reacts with a non-metal, each non-metal atom gains ________________________________.
Q54) The atom gains ___________ but still has the same number of protons, so the ion is _______ charged.
Q55) Example: A atom fluorine has 9 electrons, when it gains an electron, it becomes a _________ charged fluorine ion.
Q56) Now its electronic arrangement is (__,__), the same as neon but is a ______ charged ion.
Q57) The formula for a fluorine ion is ___.
Q58) There are strong forces of attraction between oppositely-charged ion in an ionic compound, this is called an _____ bond.
Q59) Positively charged metal ions are attracted to ________ charged non metals.
Q60) Example: a metal has a charge of 2+, you would either need a ____ ion or two ____ ions to attract to it.
Q61) Oppositely charged ions arrgange in a regular way to form a __________.
Q62) Ionic compounds form ________ as a result.
Properties of Ionic Compounds
Q63) Ionic compounds have _________ and __________.
Q64) This is because ionic bonds are _______ and a lot of _______ is needed to break them.
Q65) Ionic compounds conduct electricity when _____, because the ions are ________ or ______and the ions are free _____.
Q66) As the electrons can flows, this produces an ___________.
Ionic theory - Electrolysis
Q67) The negative electrode is called?
Q68) The positive electrode is called?
Q69) The negative ions move towards the __________ electrode and they ______ an electron
Q70) The positive ions move towards the __________ electrode and they ______ an electron.