C3 Diabetes

All you need to know about diabetes for GCSE chemistry

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Diabetes- Type 1

- accounts for 15% of diabetes cases in UK. -More likely to start in younger people. -It develops when specialized cells in the pancreas are destroyed or don't make any insulin(which lets the suger into cells and out of blod stream). -Treated with Insulin injections,regular blood sugar levels tests, healthy diet and exercise. -Cause isn't known, but having a relative with T1 diabetes increases your risk. -Symptoms appear suddenly and are obvious. -Symptoms include; increased thirst, frequent urination, tiredness, feeling sick, weight loss and blurred vision.

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Diabetes- Type 2

-accounts for 85% of diabetes cases in UK. -It usually occers in older people(the older you are the greater your risk). -Happens when your body does not make enough or no longer responds normally to the insulin produced in the pancreas and much higher levels of the hormone are needed. -Can be treated with just diet and exercise but patients sometimes need medicne and insulin injections too. -There is an increased risk to people who: have a family history, are overweight, are asian or african-caribbean and women who have had diabetes in pregnancy. -Symtoms appear gradually and may not be noticed. -Symptoms include; increased thirst+appetite, frequent urination, tiredness, feeling sick, weight loss, blurred vision, tingling in hands and feet and slow healing wounds.

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alex colton

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leah murray

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