C1 revision

HideShow resource information

protons

Size- 1

Charge- +1

Found- The nuclues

1 of 24

Nuetrons

size- 1

charge- 0

Found- The nuclues

2 of 24

Electrons

size- Negliable

charge- -1

Found- Orbating the outer shells around the nuclues  

3 of 24

Element

An element is something that is made up from one atom.

4 of 24

Molecule

A molecule is things that dont contain any metal but are joined together. 

If you put a number in front of the molecule, you multiply all the atoms by that number.

5 of 24

Word and symbol equations

Reacants                   Products

               (http://www.wmishops.com/magento/media/catalog/product/cache/42/image/9df78eab33525d08d6e5fb8d27136e95/d/i/dimensional_shapes_arrows_arrow11.jpg)           

(what you start with)                 (what you make)

6 of 24

Conservation of mass

Conservation of mass means no atoms are lost or made during a chemical reaction, so the mass is equal to the reactions.  so the mass is equal to the reactions.  

7 of 24

Decomposing carbonate= salt

metal              +     acid      -    metal         +         carbon                +          water

carbonate                                salt                       dioxide                             H20

8 of 24

Decomposing carbonate= chloride

metal              +     hydrocloric acid      -    metal         +         carbon                +          water

carbonate                                                  chrloide                 dioxide                             H20

9 of 24

Decomposing carbonate= sulphate

metal              +     sulphuric acid      -    metal         +         carbon                +               water

carbonate                                             sulphate                   dioxide                                H20

10 of 24

Decomposing carbonate= nitric

metal              +     nitric acid      -    metal         +         carbon                +          water

 carbonate                                         nitric                       dioxide                             H20

11 of 24

Decomposing carbonate= phosphoric

metal              +    phosophoric acid      -    metal         +         carbon                +          water

carbonate                                             phodpohote                 dioxide                             H20

12 of 24

transition metals

A transition metal is a metal in between state.  they come between group 2+3

used for poetry - colourful compound

high melting point, but zinc is low

acts a catalyst

less reactive

high density

13 of 24

Density

how heavy something is for its weight

 measured in g/cm3

14 of 24

catalyst

a catalyst speeds up the rate of reaction

catalysts reduce time and money and melting point

15 of 24

3 types of transition metals

Iron - used for engernerring, malable

opper- used for electric and heat, malable

Zinc- used for gavansing steel, malable

16 of 24

Metal Ore

an ore is a metal in the earth ussally combined with another element.

Gold and Silver dont react with anything

anything under carbon can we extracted by carbon

anything above carbon can be extracted with electroylis

17 of 24

reduction

when you loose oxygen

metal oxide (in ore) -reduction- metal

18 of 24

Bio leaching and phytoming

doesnt use as much electricty as electroysis

uses plants to absorb metals from the soil

19 of 24

blast furnace

The raw materials used in a blast furnace are coke, limestone and iron ore

the word exacation is...

carobon monoxide+iron oxide - iron + carbon dioxide

the immperity is called ****

20 of 24

electroysis

metals above carbon are transfered by electroysis

electroysis is breaking down ionic substances

possitive rods goes to negative rod(http://www.electrical4u.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/electrolysis.gif)negative rods goes to the possive rod

               reduction                                                                        oxidation

                  oxygen                                                                         aliminium

Ore of aliminium is bonite

compound made is alaminium oxide

21 of 24

electroysis equation

Oxidation                            Reduction

Is                                        Is

Loss of electrons               Gain of electrons

22 of 24

crude oil

when fish sink to the bottom of the sink to the bottom of the sea and the fish get compreessed because of the pressure and high temperature of the earth... the layers form oil!

longer chains means a higher melting point

23 of 24

hydrocarbon

hydrogen + carbon

hydrocarbons are made up from 4 bonds

Rule= CnH2n+2

TO BALENCE THE EQUATIONS START WITH THE CARBON AND END WITH THE OXYGEN

First 10 names are...

methane- 1C+4H

ethane- 2C+6H

propane-3C+8H

bilane-4C+10H

pentane-5C+12H

hexane-6C+14H

heptane-7C+16H

octane-8C+18H

nonane-9C+20H

decane-10C+22H

24 of 24

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all The limestone cycle resources »