Business Unit1

These business notes contain informations from UNIT1!

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  • Created by: Maisie
  • Created on: 03-05-12 19:32

KEY TERMS

CAPITAL GOODS - goods used tp produce other goods such as tools, equipment and machinery.

CONSUMERS - individuals who use or 'consume' goods and services to satisfy their needs and wants.

CONSUMER GOODS - durable and non-durable goods produced for general use by the public.

CUSTOMERS - individuals or other businesses that buy goods and services supplied by businesses. 

DE-INDUSTRIALISATION - the decline in manufacturing.

DIVISION OF LABOUR - Specialisation in specific tasks or skills by individuals/

EXOGENOUS SHOCK - an unexpected event that the business has no control over eg natural disasters.

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FACTORS OF PRODUCTION - resources used by businesses to produce goods and services

MARKETS - anywhere that buyers and sellers communicate to exchange goods and services

MONEY - any substance which is generally accepted as a means of exchange

NEEDS - human requirements which must be satisfied for survival eg water, shelter and warmth

OPPORTUNITY COST - benefit of the enxt best option foregone when making a choice between a number of alternatives

PRIMARY PRODUCTION - activities which involve the extraction of raw materials from the earth and the growing of goods

SECONDARY PRODUCTION - transformation of raw materials into finished goods

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TERTIARY PRODUCTION - activities which involve the provision of services

SPECIALISATION - in business, the production of a limited range of goods

WANTS - human desires which are unlimited (infinite)

BUSINESS OR ENTERPRISE - an organisation whose principal economic purpose is to produce goods and services

ENTREPRENUER - an individual who, typically, sets up and runs a business and takes risks, associated with this

COPYRIGHT - legal ownership of material such as books, music and films which prevents those being copied by others

FRANCHISE - an agreement where a business (the FRANCHISOR) sells the rights to other businesses (the FRANCHISEE) allowing them to sell their products or use the company name and branding etc 

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