Business Section 4 - People in Business 1

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  • Created by: ryyansb
  • Created on: 26-03-15 18:50


Firms should decide the job and the ideal candidate

Job description includes the formal title, main purposes, main duties and if the job is full or part time

  • Full time staff are expensive to pay but are available all week
  • Part time are less expensive, better rested and more motivated

Personal recommendations can be useful when recruiting

Job advertisements gets candidates to apply

  • Internally - advantages - cheaper, post job quicker, candidates already know the firm
  • Internally - disadvantages - no 'new blood' and ideas, promotion will leave a vacancy to fill
  • Externally - wider range of candidates - local and national press, job centres, recruitment websites, employment agencies
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Recruitment - the selction process

Candidates say why they are right for the job

Interview is the traditional selection method

Tests can also help select who to employ:

  • Skills tests - tests whether the candidate has the ability to do the job
  • Aptitude tests - find out if the candidate has the potential to learn how to do the job
  • Personality tests - hand writing analysis etc
  • Group tests - find out if they can work as a group and if they have good leadership and decision making skills
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Financial rewards

Workers can be paid a wage or a salary:

  • Wages - manual workers - change depending on amount of work done
  • Salary - usually office staff - fixed amount paid every month

Employers can give staff extra payments:

  • Commission paid to sales staff - earn money on every item sold
  • Bonus is a lump sum of money added to salary if targets are met

Employers are paid what they are worth to the business

Temporary workers can help with short term tasks

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Non-financial rewards

Motivated staff are good for business:

  • Perform better
  • Produce more and better quality products
  • Stay with the company for longer

Training can boost motivation:

  • Make people better at their jobs and start on new tasks

Giving staff more responsibility can be motivating

  • Job enlargement - giving a productive member of staff more tasks to do - increase size of their job description - make job more varied and interesting - workers feel more valued
  • Job enrichment - giving a worker greater responsibility - for example supervising work of new staff - workers may need more training and become more motivated and work harder

Fringe benefits     - extra perks - anything that's not part of the workers main income - examples include company car, gym membership, food allowance

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Employment and the law

  • All staff should be given a written contract within two months of being employed
  • Staff should have the businesses discipline procedure
  • European law limits working week to 48 hours
  • Government sets minimum wage for workers

Anti-discrimination laws:

  • Recruitment procedures must not discriminate against men or women, ethnic minorities or the disabled
  • Illegal to discriminate against applicants because of their age, religion or sexual orientation
  • A women doing the same job as a man should be paid the same
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Employment and the law (continued)

Health and safety legislation:

  • All staff should  receive     health and safety training
  • Health and safety equipment should be provided e.g. hard hats
  • Minimum requirements for fire escapes, toilets, washing facilities
  • Businesses that don't obey these can be prosecuted, fined or shut down

Leaving employment:

  • Laws against unfair dismissal only can be dismissed if they are incapable of doing their job or they have shown misconduct
  • Can only make staff redundant if their job no longer exists - they can not re advertise a redundant job
  • Employees who think they have been dismissed unfairly can appeal to an employment tribunal - could gain compensation or be re instated.
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