Taylor- Scientific Management
Taylor concluded that MONEY is the only motivation.
He also concluded that people should be paid on a PIECEWORK SYSTEM- this is where employees are paid according to how many pieces they make or sell ect, e.g. the more they make the more money they should be paid.
Mayo concluded that work is a GROUP ACTIVITY
He concluded that recognition and security are more important in motivation than physical environment.
And Informal groups have major impact.
Maslow- need hierachy
He concluded that we work to meet these needs...
- These are the set of workers that are lazy and dislike extra responsibility. Need to be supervised closely
- these workers like work and want responsibility. Can be left to do work.
Hezberg- Hygiene Factors
Dissatisfiers/ Hygiene factors
- These factors do not motivate e.g. toilets. But if they were taken away workers would become dissatisfied
- If present they can motivate employees