Who suffers most from disasters?
- Asia was the continent most often hit by natural disasters in 2012 with 40.7% of the total natural disater being in Asia.
- In 2012 America had 22.2% of a natural disasters, Europe 18.3%, Afirca 15.7% and Sinally Oceania 3.1%. This is due ro rhe size of the continent and the geographical position.
Kiribati, South Pacific- What is the problem
What is the problem?
- low lying
- high population (103,500 and rising)
- GDP $1420
- Island has shrunk by about 1/3
- increase in tropical storms - 40 vulnerable areas
- flooding- thermal expansion
- likely to become uninhabilable in 30-60 years.
Kiribati, South Pacific- What are the impacts?
What are the impacts?
- 84,085 people affected
- Salt water in wells (coconut trees drying out due to salty sea water drying out leaves)
- Shortage of land for crops so relying on imported goods
- Health problems- lack of clean water due to pollution in underground water
-Falling GDP as fuel has increased (2000- $795....2010- $745)
-National budget falling by 10 % between 2008 and 2010
-Small economic growth due to bad quality education
-Decline in tourism
-Fewer primary sector jobs e.g. agriculture.
- Flooding- destroying habitats and houses
-Reefs being destroyed
Kiribati, South Pacific- Why is it happening?
Why is it happening?
- El nino- bringing better and warmer conditions causing draught and bonfires. - Antarctic ice sheets melting causing thermal expansion of oceans. - Salinisation- less land for crops- less food and money for subsistence farmers. - Global warming- risen sea level by 1m by 2100 - Average raindall has increased - Greenhouse gasses- climate change due to Saudi Arabia, Japan, China, India and USA
Kiribati, South Pacific- How is the situation bein
How is the situation being managed?
- New ealand- Urban development programme - AIM: improve social, economical and well being of residents. - Southern Kiribati- Tamara pump (reduce contamination in water). - International- reduce green house gas emission. - Figi- brought 5,000 acres of land to produce crops because of sanitisation
California- How do they react to the risk from ear
How do they react to the risk from earthquake hazard?
- Some are cathing planes east very quickly (very small amount of people) - In Santa Cruz (near the epicenter of the quake) county officials are awaiting the judgement of geoligists as to whether home doners can re-build on the fractured hill sides - Many are eager to re-build.
What environmental advantages outweight the risks involved?
- Climate and warm weather - Fertile soil, good for agriculture and growing crops.
How does the unpredictability of events affect people's views of natural hazards?
- People don't know when the event hazard is coming so they don't know when to be prepared. - As there may not be one for hundreds of years it encourages people to move into California - 30 % said if high magnitude quake shook they would arrange to leave.