Geography Unit 1

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Who suffers most from disasters?

- China

- India

- Asia was the continent most often hit by natural disasters in 2012 with 40.7% of the total natural disater being in Asia.

- In 2012 America had 22.2% of a natural disasters, Europe 18.3%, Afirca 15.7% and Sinally Oceania 3.1%. This is due ro rhe size of the continent and the geographical position.

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Kiribati, South Pacific- What is the problem

What is the problem?

- low lying                      

- high population (103,500 and rising)      

- GDP $1420                           

- Island has shrunk by about 1/3           

- increase in tropical storms - 40 vulnerable areas     

- flooding- thermal expansion                                                           

- likely to become uninhabilable in 30-60 years.

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Kiribati, South Pacific- What are the impacts?

What are the impacts?

Social

Economic

Environmental

-  84,085 people affected 

-  Salt water in wells (coconut trees drying out due to salty sea water drying out leaves)

- Shortage of land for crops so relying on imported goods 

-Environmental refugees  

- Health problems- lack of clean water due to pollution in underground water

-Falling GDP as fuel has increased (2000- $795....2010- $745)   

-National budget falling by 10 % between 2008 and 2010  

-Small economic growth due to bad quality education        

-Decline in tourism

-Fewer primary sector jobs e.g. agriculture.        

-  Flooding- destroying habitats and houses

-Reefs being destroyed

-Coral bleaching

-Eroding land


                                          

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Kiribati, South Pacific- Why is it happening?

Why is it happening?

- El nino- bringing better and warmer conditions causing draught and bonfires.                                    - Antarctic ice sheets melting causing thermal expansion of oceans.                                                    - Salinisation- less land for crops- less food and money for subsistence farmers.                                - Global warming- risen sea level by 1m by 2100                                                                                  - Average raindall has increased                                                                                                            - Greenhouse gasses- climate change due to Saudi Arabia, Japan, China, India and USA

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Kiribati, South Pacific- How is the situation bein

How is the situation being managed?

- New ealand- Urban development programme                                                                                         - AIM: improve social, economical and well being of residents.                                       - Southern Kiribati- Tamara pump (reduce contamination in water).                                                     - International- reduce green house gas emission.                                                                                - Figi- brought 5,000 acres of land to produce crops because of sanitisation

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California- How do they react to the risk from ear

How do they react to the risk from earthquake hazard?

- Some are cathing planes east very quickly (very small amount of people)                                     - In Santa Cruz (near the epicenter of the quake) county officials are awaiting the judgement of geoligists as to whether home doners can re-build on the fractured hill sides                                  - Many are eager to re-build.

What environmental advantages outweight the risks involved?

- Climate and warm weather                                                                                                             - Fertile soil, good for agriculture and growing crops.

How does the unpredictability of events affect people's views of natural hazards?

- People don't know when the event hazard is coming so they don't know when to be prepared.                                                                                                                                                        - As there may not be one for hundreds of years it encourages people to move into California                                                                                                                                           - 30 % said if high magnitude quake shook they would arrange to leave.

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