What were some of the social reforms in the 1960's?
*Race Relations Act 1965 & 1968 - prohibited race discrimination in public places
*Sexual Offences Act 1967 - male homosexual in private between two consenting adults
*Commonwealth Immigration Act 1968 - limited immigration
*Abolition of the death penalty 1969 and Divorce Reform Act in 1969
Did British society go through change or continuity 1964 - 1979?
*There were more strikes over pay and inflation - Miners Strike 1972
*Changes in attitudes following social laws such as divorce refroms act and the sexual offences act.
*Attitudes towards immigrants was becoming stricted - Commonwealth Immigration Act 1968
*Stop-Go policy Heath continued.
*Despite the new social acts attitudes towards homosexuality remained generally the same.
*Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) continued
British Economy - Economic Debate
Post War Economic Consensus:
*Relatively high levels of public spending
*High levels of emplyoment
*Relatively high levels of taxation to fund the large public sector
'Free Market' Liberal Economics:
*Levels of public spending to be reduced
*State to take a reduced role in providing employment
*Taxation to be reduced as a consequence of lower public spending
Between 1970 and 1979 unemployment rose from just over 600,000 to nearly 1,500,000.
1976 - Devaluation of the Pound
*This took place because:
*The deficit had grown considerably & Wilson had gotten another loan from the IMF.
*There was an increase of exports and a decrease of imports.
*This impacted on the economy as it was bad for the financial sector and people lost confidence in economy.
The Selsdon Man
*An imaginary anti-Keynsian, pro-market individual. The new type of Conservatism. Heath proposes plans for a free market.
1971 - Industrial Relations Act
*An extension of 'in place of strife' where it restricted the rights of workers to strike by introducing 'unfair industrial practice'.
*The Unions reject this. This leads to them going on strike and production falling.
1973 - OPEC Oil Crisis
*Exports cut by OPEC. This leads to oil prices increasing and causes recession.
*This affects the industries that are reliant on oil.