Boyd and Monroe (2003)

  • Questionnaires
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  • Created by: Daisy
  • Created on: 24-05-12 10:50


  •  To look at how climbers and track field athletes use imagery
  • To see if they use imagery differently because there are different needs for the 2 sports.
  • To see if beginner and advanced climbers use imagery differently 
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  • The study use d38 track and field athletes and 48 climbers some of whom are beginners
  • There were 2 questionnaires used the SIQ (sport imagery questionnaire)  for the track and field athletes and the CIQ (climbingimagery questionnaire) for the climbers. The CIQ was a version of the SIQ which was amended to make it relevent for climbers. E.g replacing references from "competing" to "climbing"
  • Each questionnaire had 30 items each asking for a 7 point rating of how often the respondent used imageryin those paticular circumstances
  • 7 was very often and 1 was rarery
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  • There was a high response rate with track and field athletesbeing different from climbers in how they use imagery
  • There were also difference in the type of imagery they used for example : planning a climb used different imagery than imagining winning a track event
  • Not much difference was found in the use of imagery between beginner and advanced climbers
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  •  It was concluded that people participating in different sports do use different types of imagery depending on what the imagery is being used for
  • Some imagery is to motivate success and some is to plan how to achieve somthing for example
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Evaluation - Strengths

  • The study used the SIQ which has been used in other situations and studies can be compared
  • The study could easily be replicated because the questionnaires were fixed and the statements all rated by all ppts
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Evaluation - Weaknesses

  • The CIQ was differnt from the SIQ in that the CIQ did not refer to competition - perhaps the different wording affected the replies
  • There did not seem to be a great deal of difference between beginner and advanced climbers and they rated their ability themselves. If their experience levels were not very differemt perhaps that is why there was little difference found in their use of imagery
  • Self report data tend to be unreliable - perhaps because they depend on how the respondat feels at the time which may be affected for example by recent experiences of performing well or badly in their sport.
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