What: A magnitude 9.1 earthquake caused a tsunami which travelled at around 800 km/h and reached heights of around 30m (98 ft).
Where: The epicentre of the earthquake causing the tsunami was off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
When: 26th December 2004 at 7:59 am local time (00:59 am GMT).
Plates involved: Indo-Australian and Eurasian
Plate margin type: Destructive
Countries Affected by the Tsunami
Image copyright of the BBC
- There were about 230,000 deaths and approximately 125,000 injured
- Approximately 1.7 million people were left homeless
- Fishing was made impossible due to the boats being destroyed
- The infrastructure was destroyed
- The tourism industry was also hit heavily as less people wanted to go to the affected countries
- There is now a high demand for reinforced fibreglass catamarans produced by the Indian state of Tamil Nadu
- There has been severe damage to habitats such as mangrove forests and coral reefs, as well as sand dunes and coastal wetlands
- Fresh water has been contaminated by the sea
Short Term Responses:
- Within days, hundreds of millions of pounds had been pledged by foreign governments, charities and businesses such as microsoft
- Foreign countries sent ships, planes, soldiers and specialists to help rescue people, distribute food and water and begin clearing up
Long Term Responses
- Billions of pounds have been donated to help rebuild the infrastructure
- Programmes have been set up to help people to rebuild their homes
- There is now a tsunami warning system in the Indian Ocean
- Disaster management plans have been put in place, with trained volunteers who know what to do if there is another disaster