Attachment is an innate behaviour that has evolved for it's survival value.
Children are born with social releasers which elicit care giving.
Attachment develops during the sensitive period (6-8 months).
Primary caregivers act as a secure base and provide an internal working model.
This develops the continuity hypothesis.
Makes sense that behaviour would have evolved to ensure safety of offspring
Lorenz's ducks- supports idea of innate drive and imprinting
Sroufe et al- securely attached children more popular and socially competent
Schaffer et al- first attachment formed at 6-8 months
Harlow showed that monkeys with an unresponsive mother developed into maladjusted adults
Not clear whether only one primary attachment is necessary for healthy emotional development
Temperament Hypothesis- certain personality or temperamental characteristics of the infant shape a mother's responsiveness
Belsky et al- babies 1-3 days old. those that were less anxious were more likely to be securely attached
Sensitive period- biologically determined period for the development of attachment
Social releasers- types of behaviour and characteristics which elicit care giving from others nearby
Monotropy- special emotional bond with primary care giver. Infant becomes most strongly attached to the person who responds most sensitively to social releasers.
Secure base- Primary care giver provides foundation for emotional development, self esteem and later relationships.
Internal Working Model- Primary figure-infant relationship creates expectation about future relationships. Acts as template.
Continuity Hypothesis- link between infants early attachment relationship and later behaviours