- made up of two main parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament
- the New Testament is based on the life and teachings of Jesus and the apostles
- it contains 4 gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John
- letters from St. Paul
- believe the bible is the word of God
- the message comes from God though the power of the Holy Spirit
- Christians believe the bible come directly from God
- takes every word of the bible as true
- advantages of this approach is that no one can argue about what the bible means
- disadvantages is if you take the bible literally there are some parts that come into conflict with science
- people believe the 6 day creation story to be true
- comes into conflict with the theory of evolution and doesn't agree with science
- believe you should not question the bible as it comes from God
- if an idea is not in the bible then it is not true
- there should be no arguments over what the bible means
- some areas of the bible come into conflict, there is no compromise
- believe in the 6 day creation and try to reject the Big Bang theory
- some try to adapt the meaning so it fits into science eg. A day doesn't mean 24 hours
- looks at the message from the bible passages as being true
- messages from the bible are most important
- Christians can take the meaning of the bible to be true but don't have to believe things happen excactly as it says
- there can be disagreements about what part is true and which is not
- they believe the 6 day creation story has an important meaning but not that it happened in that way
- a statement of belief
- the word creed means 'I believe'
- lays out the main beliefs of the Christian faith
- "I believe in God the father almighty, creator of heaven and earth"
- "Jesus Christ his only son"
- "born of the Virgin Mary"
- "he decended into hell"
- "on the third day he rose again from the dead"
- "ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of God the father almighty"
- "will come to judge the living and the dead"
- "I believe in the Holy Spirit"
- "the communion of saints"
- "the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting"
- three natures of God:
1. God the father
2. God the son
3. God the Holy Spirit
What the creed teaches about God and Jesus
INCARNATION: Jesus has a human mother and his father is God. He was born of a virgin and Mary was told by the angel Gabriel
CRUCIFIXION: Jesus suffered death and that shows Jesus' human side
RESURRECTION: shows Jesus' victory over sin and shows him to be the son of God.
ASCENSION: 40 days after his resurrection Jesus went up knot heaven body and soul. Tells us that Jesus will come down from heaven on the last day.
Other Christian teachings on the creed
I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY SPIRIT: it's the power of God and Christians have let this power in their lives. It works through the sacraments.
THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH: Catholic means universal. Christians should see themselves as part of a world wide community.
THE COMMUNION OF SAINTS: includes Christians alive or dead. Christians should recognise help through prayer.
FORGIVENESS OF SINS: Christians should ask for forgiveness when they sin. They should forgive others and win separates them from God.
RESURRECTION OF THE BODY AND EVERLASTING LIFE: Christians believe that there is life after death and they will be judged when they die on his they live their life.
Church as the body of Christ
- all Christians believe that Jesus was the son of God
- some christians disagree on other things and that has led to different groups of Christians
- these different groups are referred to as denominations
- some Christians protested about the way the pope in Rome was leading the church and formed their own.
- we have lots of denominations today
- Protestants are called that because they protested to the church of England, Methodists, baptists, United reformed church, Salvation Army and Quakers.
- he was the first apostle
- his name was Simon until Jesus changed it to Peter because it means 'rock'
- Peter is the foundation of the church
- he hold the keys to heaven
- was the first disciple to call Jesus the son of God
- "You are the Christ, son of the living God"
- Peter denied knowing Jesus three times which shows weakness as a character
- after Jesus' resurrection he asked Peter to look after his followers which shows Jesus' trust in Peter
- Peter was the leader of the early church and is regarded as the first Pope
- all other popes are defended from him (Apostolic succession)
- is the head of the church
- when the pope dies all of the cardinals gather together and are locked away until they appoint a new Pope
- Christians believe that the pope is:
- INFALIABLE (means the pope cannot say anything wrong when he speaks Ex Cathedra)
- EX CATHEDRA (means on the throne. When the pope makes an official statement it is true and right. He cannot be wrong)
- teaching of authority in the church
- the Pope and the Bishop make up the magisterium
- the Pope is the head
- the bible is one source of authority
- some of the bibles teachings are hard to apply to modern times
- the church needs the magisterium to help them apply the bibles teachings to modern day
- Catholics need the magisterium to interpret the bible in light of issues such as IVF
- in charge of the diocese
- may send out letters to the parishes in his diocese to help teach and guide them
- they help the pope becuase they advise him on the local issues
- they're seen as the head of the local church