Behaviourist Explanation of Abnormality AO1
Classical Conditioning - Stimulus-Response
Operant Conditioning - Positive and Negative Reinforcement
Social Learning Theory - Observation and Immitation
Applying These Ideas..
Classical Conditioning: Fear of Heights -
Go to top of high building (UCS)
Feeling sick, dizzy, etc (UCR)
Associate highness with feeling sick, etc (CR)
Leads to vertigo!
Operant Conditioning -
Reinforce childhood aggression with attention, etc = Repeated!!
Social Learning Theory: Phobias -
Child sees a model respond fearfully to a stimulus - Copied later in life. See + Do.
A02 - RIFF
R - Reductionist: oversimplifies a complex issue (-)
I - Ignores causes: the explanation focuses solely on the symptoms and no on the cause. (-)
F - Focus on behaviour: The explanation focuses on whether behaviour is adaptive or maladaptive and believes maladaptive behaviour can be replaced by adaptive.
F - Focus on functioning: if the behaviour poses no problem, it is not considered a mental disorder.