BEHAVIOURIST- assumptions & CC

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DETERMINISM

= all behaviour is determined by past experiences ie knowing the stimuli so predicting behaviour

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EMPIRICISM

= only measure and record overt observable behaviour scientifically. so mental processes aren't studied

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REDUCTIONISM

= reduces all complex human behaviour so S-R connections

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ENVIRONMENTALISM

= human behaviour comes from experiences so biological factors play min role

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DARWINISM

= Darwin said their are comparisons with animals and humans so can test on animals and generalise results to humans

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CLASSICAL CONDITIONING

= associating 2 stimuli together by pairing them. The NS is paired with condition stimuli to a conditioned response. using reflexive behaviour Pavlov dogs- salivate to a bell

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Generalisation - cc

- this is when the characteristics of another stimuli is similar to the conditioned stimuli and then elicits the same response eg fear of snakes so fear of toy snakes

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Discrimination - cc

- where another stimuli doesn't recieve any response or same response as the conditioned stimuli eg dog salivate to bell but not buzzer

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extinction - cc

- when the conditoined stimuli is shown but no reinforcement so eventually the response will die out

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Spontaneous recovery- cc

- this isn't forgetting. When the conditioned stimuli is introduced but hasnt been for a while but response still occurs just in weaker form eg less salivation

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Higher order conditioning- cc

- this is when you pair a new NS to conditioned stimuli to then to have a new conditioned stimuli with the conditioned response. bad news US ---> sadness UCR bad news + cafe NS ---> sadness UCR cafe CR--> sadness CR cafe and music NS---> sadness UCR music CR--> sadness UCR

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Systematic desensitisation

- classically condition fear with something pleasant so fear reduces- overcome fear - gradually move up the phobia hierarchy until come relaxed around fear

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