Beethoven's Violin concerto in D major Op. 61 1st movement

Beethoven's Violin concerto in D major Op. 61 1st movement

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Background Info.

  • Written for solo Violinist Franz Clement for a charity concert
  • Written after the Violin was greatly developed with a lengthened neck, increased sounding length of strings, more between notes and more practical higher notes, a modern bow made by Francois Tourte which was more balanced, curved inwards, with more hair and weight at the bottom.
  • Written between the Classical and Romantic period
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1-88 D Expostion 1 (tutti)

89 - 224 D Exposition 2 (Solo)

224-364 A-C-Bm-Gm  Development

365-510 D Recapitulation

510 D Cadenza

511-535 D  Coda

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Exposition 1 (tutti)

  • D-major
  • Orchestra only
  • Strong timpani motif of 5 crotchets used throughout to create unity
  • Woodwind melody follows
  • B.10 there is a strange D# creating suspense
  • No perfect cadence ending on an unresolved dominant 7th chord.
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Exposition 2 (solo)

  • D-major
  • Bowing indicated by slurs
  • Detatched bowing over a scale up-to top D
  • Bar 122 orchestra reduces and solo violin begins to dominate it is reduced to just strings, oboes and bassoons
  • Solo becomes more varied and challenging towards the end quickly moving from one figure to another like fast ascending scales to rapid octave leaps.
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  • A-Maj-Cmaj-Bmin-Dmin
  • Dramatic entrance of tutti over an interrupted cadence
  • Repeat of expostion in the dominant key
  • Tutti sounds forceful b.256 when marked sempre ff
  • Retains intensity through constant semi-quaver movement in violins
  • Key changes to C-maj through use of enharmonics where the timpani motif becomes a very important feature.
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  • D-maj
  • First theme returns with tutti orchestra
  • Solo uses many semi quaver rhythms
  • Section ends with lots of trills and long scales
  • Full orchestra enters on a sudden Bb chord bar 497 moving to a sudden fermata for the cadenza
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  • D-maj
  • Long trill signals for the orchestra to begin
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  • D-maj
  • Violin solo continues with the second subject on the D and G strings to exploit the lower and darker tones
  • Ends on a tutti playing the closing theme of the second subject group.
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