Beethoven's concerto in D-Maj

Brief contextual overview and key points on each section

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  • Created by: ellie g
  • Created on: 19-05-12 15:20

Context

Written for Franz Clement's charity concert

musicians made money through these concerts

The first soloist was Franz Clement himself

The first time it was performed it wasn't successful, it was even recorded that Clement played the violin upside down to try get some attention

Beethoven also wrote this piece as with many of his other pieces for the piano.

Violin had just been developed by Francis Tourte to have a lengthened neck, increased sounding length of strings, a more modern bow that was curved more inwards, with more bow hair and weight on the bottom. Higher notes were also made more practical

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Structure

Tutti Exposition - D major

Solo Exposition - D major

Development A maj - Cmaj - Bim - Gmin

Recapitualtion D- Maj

Cadenza - D maj

Coda D-maj

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Tutti Exposition

Beethoven introduces his ideas using the full orchestra

There is a strong Timp motif used throughout to create unity

followed by woodwind melody

strange D# in woodwind creating suspense

no perfect cadence

ends on dominant 7th chord

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Solo Exposition

Bowing is indicated by slurs

detatched bowing on a scale upto D

Solo violin dominates

texture thinned to oboes, strings and bassoons

solo becomes more varied and challenging changing quickly through figures like fast semi-quaver scales to fast octave leaps

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Development

Key changes from A maj - C maj - B min - D min

Violins play opening melody in the dominant key, A maj

tutti sounds forceful marked sempre fortissimo

intensity is retained through fast semi quaver rhythms in violins

Changes to C-maj using enharmonics where timp motif becomes an important featrure

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Recapitulation

D- maj

Fourth solo begins using many semi quaver rhythms

ends with long scales and trills

full orchestra comes in on a sudden Bb Chord bar 497

section ends with a 1b chord into the fermata (long pause) for the cadenza

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cadenza

soloist uses own ideas and ideas from the movement for their improvised solo

solo ends on a long trill signalling the orchestra to come back in

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Coda

Full Orchestra returns

solo violin continues playing second idea on D and G to exploit the lower and darker tones

Movement ends playing the second subject group

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