Bandura; Ross & Ross

HideShow resource information

Bandura; Ross & Ross

Bandura; Ross & Ross

Aim: Investigate imitation of agression based on principles of social learning theory 

1 of 7

Hypotheses

Hypotheses 

  • Children expose dto agressive adult, will behave agressive in the absence of model
  • Children exposed to non agressive model, will show less agressive behaviour
  • Children imitate same-sex model more
  • Boys more predisposed to imtate agressive model than girls
2 of 7

Participants

Participants

  • 72 children between 37 months and 69 months
  • All attend stanford univeristy
  • Equal numbers of boys and girls
3 of 7

Method

Method

  • Lab experiment
  • Children exposed to: agressive model of same sex, agressive model of oppposite sex, non agressive model of same sex, non agressive model of opposite sex, no model 
  • IV: sex of child, sex of model, behaviour of medl
  • DV: behaviour of the child

Experiment in 3 stages:

  • children exposed to adult models
  • Mild agression aroused as children seen attractive toys but told they could not play with them
  • Observation of delayed imitation = obsevers measured the: imitative physics agression, imitative verbal agression and responses 


4 of 7

Results

Results 

  • Agressive model group = reproduced a lot of physical agresion while non agressive condtion showed non of this behaviour
  • Children in agressive condition = copied models non-agressive verbal responses
  • Children more likely to imitate same sex model
  • Children shocked at final role model showing physical and verbal agression 
5 of 7

Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Supports ideas of social learning theory as children imitate behaviour of others with the absence of reward or reinforcement 
6 of 7

Evaluation

Evaluation 

Strengths

  • establishes cause and effect relationship
  • precise control of vairables
  • standardized = increases replicability 

Limitations

  • low in ecological validity 
  • Unethical 
  • Sample bias = university of stanford nursery, mostly upper middle class white children attended 
7 of 7

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Core studies resources »