Bam Earthquake (LEDC)

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Jiya
  • Created on: 10-01-16 10:55

General

·        Magnitude of 6.6

·          Epicentre approx. 6 miles south west Bam

·          26th December 2003 at 1.56am local time

·          Bam and the surrounding Kerman province of South Eastern Iran

·          Area’s structures did not comply with earthquake regulations set in 1989

·          Buildings made using mud bricks and mixture of mud and lime used instead of cement

1 of 6

Primary Impacts

·          Damage concentrated to 16km radius

·          12 million metric tonnes of debris built up

·          90% of buildings and infrastructure sustained 60-100% damage

o    25,000 in the city centre

·          2 hospitals and 94 health homes collapsed

·          2,500 year old mud-brick Bam Citadel destroyed

·          131 schools and 3 universities severely damaged

·          45,000 people died

·          1/5 local teaching staff killed

·          30 qanat irrigation systems collapsed

2 of 6

Secondary Impacts

·          In 2006, 3yrs after quake, 50% men and 15% women addicted to heroin

·          Total economic damage $1.5 billion

·          $30 million loss in tourism, $15.8 million loss in industry, $53 million loss in agriculture, $91.3 million loss in private business

·          Problems for education

·          100,000 homeless

·          5,054 children orphaned

·          Remaining hospitals became overcrowded

o    Disease spread due to poor sanitation

3 of 6

Immediate Response

·          44 countries sent in personnel to assist in relief operations

·          60 countries offered aid

o    Medical supplies, tents and blankets sent

·          34 international rescue teams from 27 countries

·          Tented cities” constructed by relief workers in outskirts of cities

·          UN raised $70 million in aid of victims

·          USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team gave around $4 million

·          USA sent direct humanitarian aid (In return for greater monitoring of Iran’s nuclear programme)

o    Team of 81 search and rescue specialists sent 

4 of 6

Secondary Response

·          World Bank gave a loan of $300 million to government to rebuild infrastructure

·          MCEER funding invested effort in developing automated building damage detection methods, with techniques for visualising damage using VIEWS programme

o    First used after Bam

·          $645 million allocated though banks by end of December 2005

o    14,000 of 42,000 households received loans or grants

·          $445 million secured and allocated from Iran’s national development programme’s core fund for 2006

·          20,000 housing units to be constructed in Bam, only 14,000 built by 2005, 1,700 units actually completed

5 of 6

Heroin Use

·          Construction workers in area, known opium and heroin users

o    Social change

6 of 6

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all The Restless Earth resources »