Balfour's Education Act

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Balfour's Education Act (1902)

  • Established State responsibility for secondary education
  • Old school boards were abolished and responsibility for the financing and running of secondary schools transferred to the 140 newly created Local Education Authorities, run by country and country borough councils
  • LEAs were authorised to build new secondary schools
  • Provision of money from the local rates could also be used for the Church schools that were included in the reform, but still retained a measure of independence
  • Children from working and lower middle class families could now benefit from an education beyond primary level, for a small weekly fee
  • Established a national system of secondary education
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