Bacterial and Fungal Cells

These revision cards are for bacterial and fungal cells.

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  • A bacterium has plasmids.
  • Plasmids and small, circular pieces of DNA.
  • The plasmids do not need chromosomes in order to split.
  • They also have chromosomal DNA, which carries the genetic information.
  • They differ from plant and animal cells because they don't have a nucleus.
  • They also don't have mitochondria.
  • It has a cell wall surrounding the cell membrane.
  • The cell wall is similar to a plant cell's, but is more flexible.
  • Some bacteria have a flagellum.
  • A flagellum is like a tail and helps the bacteria move.
  • Some bacteria have more than one flagellum, called flagella.
  • Some bacteria have none.
  • Bacteria live in the intestines and help with digestion.
  • They help with the production of foods such as cheese and yoghurt.
  • They help with the decomposition and recycling of dead plants and animals.
  • They help with the production of antibiotics.
  • Photosynthetic bacteria can produce oxygen.
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Fungal Cells

  • It has a cell wall.
  • It has a vacuole.
  • The cell wall is made from chitin.
  • Chitin is the material arthropods make their exoskeletons with.
  • Yeast reproduces asexually.
  • This process is known as budding in a yeast cell.
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