- Created by: caitlingraceh
- Created on: 05-12-19 14:44
Aversion Therapy is a therapy to remove an undesireable behaviour such as gambling, smoking, alcoholism etc
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The three components of Aversion Therapy
- Counter Conditioning
- Covert Sensitisation
- Use of Drugs
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- Aims to replace the original pleasant assosciation with a new unpleasant assosciation.
- Uses classical conditioning.
- Client is given an aversive stimulus (e.g. an electric shock) causes an unpleasant reaction
- During aversion therapy the aversive stimulus is repeatedly paired with the addictions.
- After counter conditioning the client now has a new conditioned assosciation for the addiction now has a conditioned response (the unpleasant feeling e.g feeling sick)
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- Client imagines the unpleasant stimulus rather than being exposed to it.
- The therapist asks the client to imagine unpleasant situations that gets progressively worse.
- Example - An alcoholic could imagine feeling sick, being sick, being sick on someone else, then fall over and seriously hurt themselves.
- This is the least common way of delivering aversion therapy.
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Use of Drugs
- To create a negative assosciation
- Most commonly used to treat alcoholism
- Takes 10 minutes to react with alcohol.
- Causes unpleasant reactions such as heart palpatations, vomiting, sweating, headaches etc.
- The client will have a new conditioned assosciation for alcohol and therefore no longer drink.
- They will likely avoid triggers like pubs and parties where people may be drinking to avoid feeling sick (negative reinforcememnt)
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